Kara George

See Czerny George.

Karahissar

See Afium Karah'issar.

Karaman

See Caraman.

Kardszag

Kardszag, a market town of Hungary, in the district and formerly the capital of Great Cumania, on the Pesth and Debreczin railway, 88 m. E. S. E. of Pesth; pop. in 1870, 14,486. It has a castle, and the inhabitants are engaged in the cultivation of corn, wine, and melons.

Karel Du Jardin

See Dujardin, Karel.

Karel Dujardin

Karel Dujardin, a Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam about 1640, died in Venice, Nov. 20, 1678. He was a pupil of Berghem; studied in Italy, where his pictures were very popular; went to Lyons, got into debt, and married his landlady, whom he soon deserted, and returned to Amsterdam. To escape from his wife he again went to Italy. On his death the Venetian senate paid him unusual honors. In spite of dissipation, he left a great number of paintings, principally of pastoral scenes and animals.

Karelians

See Finns.

Karl Adolf August Von Eschenmayer

Karl Adolf August Von Eschenmayer, a German philosopher, born at Neuenburg, in Wur-temberg, July 4, 1768, died Nov. 17, 1852. From 1811 to 1836 he taught philosophy and medicine and afterward practical philosophy at the university of Tubingen. He produced a great variety of writings, chiefly on philosophy. His religious views are strongly tinged with mysticism, and several of his writings are directed against the theories of Hegel and against the "Life of Jesus" by Strauss. Among his principal works are Religionsphilosophie (3 vols. 8vo, Tubingen, 1818-'21), Mysterien des innern Lebens, erlautert aus der Geschichte der Seherin von Prexorst (Tubingen, 1830), and Grundzuge einer christlichen Philosophie (Basel, 1840).

Karl Adolf Menzel

Karl Adolf Menzel, a German historian, born in Grunberg, Silesia, Dec. 7,1784, died in Breslau, Aug. 19, 1855. He studied at Breslau and Halle, and officiated for many years as professor at Breslau. He wrote Topographisehe Chronihvon Breslau (2 vols., Breslau, 1805-'7); Gcschichte Schlesiens (3 vols., 1807-10); Lie Geschichte der Deutschen (8 vols., 1815-'23); Geschichte unserer Zeit seit dem lode Fried-richs II. (2 vols., 1824-'5); Neuere Geschichte der Deutschen von der Reformation bis zur Bundesacte (16 vols., 1826-56); and Staats-und, Religions-Geschichte der Konigreiche Israel und Juda (Breslau, 1853).

Karl Adolph Heinrich Hess

Karl Adolph Heinrich Hess, a German artist, born in Dresden in 1769, died at Wilhelmsdorf, near Vienna, July 3, 1849. He had much reputation as a painter of horses. His most famous work is the large painting, " The March of the Cossacks of the Ural through Bohemia," exhibited in 1799. He published Studienblatter far Pferdeliebhaber, the plates for which were etched by himself (1807), Pferdewerk (in 12 part's, 1807), and Pferde-kopfe (horses' heads), lithographed in natural size (Vienna, 1825).

Karl Adolph Koustautin Hofler

Karl Adolph Koustautin Hofler, a German historian, born at Memmingen, Bavaria, March 26, 1811. He graduated at Munich in 1838, and continued his studies at Gottingen and in Italy. In 1836 he became editor of the official government organ in Munich, and in 1838 adjunct, and about 1840 full professor at the university. In 1847 he was removed from his y>rofessorship in consequence of the publication of Der Constitution seid der Katholiken in Baiern, but was soon after appointed keeper of the archives in Bamberg. In 1851 he was made professor of history in Prague. His works include Die deutschen Papste (2 vols., Ratisbon, 1839); Quellensammlung far fran-kische Geschichte (4 vols., Baireuth, 1849-'52); Frankische Studien (6 parts, Vienna, 1852-'3); Lehrbuch der allgemeinen Geschichte (3 vols., Ratisbon, 1850-'56; 1 vol., Vienna, 1857); and Die Geschichtschreiber der Hus-sitischcn Bewegung (2 vols., Vienna, 1856-'65).