London Pride, a garden name for saxifra-ga umbrosa, a perennial evergreen plant from southern Europe. It has long been a favorite in Great Britain, and has escaped from gardens and become naturalized in different parts of the country, especially in Ireland, where it is known as St. Patrick's cabbage, its thick and leathery leaves, gathered in a dense cluster a foot across, being sufficiently suggestive of a cabbage to warrant the name. The flower stems are 6 to 12 in. high, and bear a loose panicle of small pink flowers, which are marked with spots of darker color. It is used as an edging plant in old gardens, and is one of the few plants which endure the smoke of London and other cities without injury.
London Pride (Saxifraga umbrosa).
Long Island Sound, a large body of water lying between Long Island and New York and Connecticut, about 110 m. long, and varying from 2 to 20 m. in width. On the west it is connected with the Atlantic by a strait called the East river, New York bay, and the Narrows, and on the east by a narrow passage called the Race. The principal rivers flowing into the sound from the mainland are the Hou-satonie, Connecticut, and Thames. It is in the route of a very large and important trade between the city of New York and the eastern states, and is navigated by many regular lines of packets and steamers. There are numerous lighthouses on its coasts.
Longchamps, a promenade in the Bois de Boulogne of Paris, famous for its horse races, military reviews, and as a fashionable resort, especially during Passion week. It derives its name from a former abbey, at the N. end of the village of Boulogne, which courtiers and other fashionables attended in the 18th century, and which was destroyed in 1793.
Longford, a central county of Ireland, in the N. W. extremity of the province of Lein-ster, bordering on Leitrim, Cavan, Westmeath, and Roscommon, from which it is separated by the Shannon and Lough Ree; area, 401 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 64,408. The principal lake is Lough Gowna. The surface is generally flat, but hilly in the north. The river Inny flows through the S. E. portion into Lough Ree. The soil is rich, underlaid by limestone and clay slate. There are valuable ores of iron and lead, but unwrought. A gray marble is quarried near Ballymahon. Grazing farms are numerous, and large quantities of butter are made. Linens and coarse woollens are manufactured. - Longford, the capital (pop. in 1871, 4,375), on the Camlin river and at the terminus of the Royal canal, 68 m. W. N. W. of Dublin, has a fine Roman Catholic cathedral and an active trade.
Longton, a market and manufacturing town of Staffordshire, England, 32 m. S. of Manchester; pop. in 1871, 19,748. It is on the North Staffordshire railway, and contains several fine streets, two parish churches, and other places of worship. There are two large market halls, a town hall, an athenaeum, and a mechanics' institute. It has extensive manufactories of china and earthenware.