Patroclus, a Greek legendary hero, the friend of Achilles, and son of Menoetius of Opus. While a boy he accidentally killed Cly-sonymus, and in consequence was sent to the court of his relative Peleus, and brought up with Achilles. He took part in the siege of Troy until his friend retired from action, when Patroclus also withdrew; but the affairs of the Greeks becoming desperate, he obtained from Achilles his armor and his troops, drove back the Trojans, and saved the ships. During the conflict he was struck senseless by Apollo, and was killed by Euphorbus and Hector, the latter taking possession of the armor. The Greeks secured his body and buried it under a mound, which was afterward opened to receive the dead body of Achilles, who had avenged his friend by the death of Hector.
Patuxent, a river of Maryland, rising about 20 m. from the city of Frederick, and, after a S. E. course of about 40 m. and a nearly S. course of 50 m., discharging itself through an estuary 2 or 3 m. wide into Chesapeake bay. It forms the dividing line between Montgomery, Prince George's, Charles, and St. Mary's counties on the south and west, and Howard, Anne Arundel, and Calvert counties on the north and east. Small vessels can ascend it 40 m. to Nottingham.
Paul Alfred De Ccrzon, a French painter, born near Poitiers, Sept. 7, 1820. He excels chiefly in landscape painting, has explored the Morea in company with Edmond About and Charles Gamier, and has executed many good pictures, especially those of the Acropolis of Athens and the shores of the Cephissus, which were favorably noticed at the universal exhibition in Paris in 1855. He also received a second medal in 1857, and a third at the exhibition in 1867.
Paul Bril, a Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in 1556, died in Rome in 1626. He aided his brother Matthew in decorating the Vatican, and executed some important works for the Sistine chapel. Some of his landscapes contain figures by Annibale Carracci. His finest composition is a landscape in the Vatican.
Paul Ciiejvayard, a French painter, born in Lyons, Dec. 9, 1808. Previous to the revolution of 1848 he was already known by his pictures of the "Trial of Louis XVI." and "Mirabeau answering the Marquis of Dreux-Breze." He was now chosen to execute 50 cartoons for the French Pantheon, and selected for his subject the history of civilization from Genesis to the French revolution. Twenty of the cartoons were completed when, in 1853, the Pantheon was restored to the service of religion as the church of Ste. Genevieve. Three of them attracted much attention at the exhibition of 1853. He received the decoration of the legion of honor in 1853, and a medal of the first class at the universal exposition in 1855.
Paul Ernst Jablonski, a German orientalist, born in Berlin in 1693, died in Frankfort-on-the-Oder, Sept. 13, 1757. He was professor of theology at the university of Frankfort, and head minister of the Calvinistic church in that city. He published at least 50 different works on oriental philology, history, divinity, and antiquities, the most important of which is his Pantheon AEgyptiorum, sive de Diis eorum Commentarius, cum Prolegomenis de Religione et Theologia AEgyptiorum (3 vols., 1750-52).