Hciurich Burkel, a German painter, born at Pirmasens, Bavaria, Sept. 9, 1802, died June 10, 1869. He studied in Munich and Rome, ' and among his works are many pictures of common life in Italy, Bavaria, and Tyrol, with landscapes. His painting of brigands in the Campagna di Roma is especially renowned.
Hczekiah Augur, an American sculptor, born in New Haven, Conn., Feb. 21, 1791, died there, Jan. 10, 1858. In early life he produced several works of statuary, of which his " Jeph-thah and his Daughter," in the Trumbull gallery of Yale college, is the best. In addition to his skill as a sculptor, he possessed much mechanical genius. His most celebrated achievement is his invention of the carving machine, which is at the present day in general and successful operation.
Heard , a W. county of Georgia, bordering on Alabama, and intersected by the Chattahoochee river; area, 280 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,866, of whom 2,048 were colored. The surface is hilly and well wooded with oak, hickory, and pine. Gold, lead, and iron have been found, and the soil is generally rich. The chief productions in 1870 were 22,771 bushels of wheat, 151,435 of Indian corn, 13,406 of sweet potatoes, and 3,508 bales of cotton. There were 037 horses, 744 mules and asses, 1,231 milch cows, 2,282 other cattle, 3,012 sheep, and 0,425 swine. Capital, Franklin.
Hearing ,.See Acoustics, and Ear.
Hebe , (Gr. youth), in mythology, the goddess of youth, a daughter of Jupiter and Juno. She served her fellow divinities with nectar at their festivals, assisted her mother in putting the horses to her chariot, and bathed and dressed her brother Mars. She is said to have been married to Hercules after his apotheosis, and to have been the mother of two sons by him.
Hecate , a divinity of ancient Greece, who was commonly called a daughter of Perses or Persaeus and Asteria. She had dominion in heaven, on earth, and in the sea, and could bestow on mortals wealth, victory, and wisdom. This caused her to be confounded with Ceres, Rhea, Diana, and Proserpine. She was worshipped in Samothrace and AEgina, and at Athens, where small statues of Hecate were placed in front of houses and at cross roads. Her favorite sacrifices were dogs, honey, and black ewe lambs. In works of art she is sometimes represented as a single being, sometimes as a three-headed monster.
Hector , a Trojan hero, and the noblest character of the Iliad. He was the eldest son of Priam and Hecuba, the husband of Andromache, and the father of Astyanax. He disapproved of the conduct of Paris, and advised the surrender of Helen to Menelaus ; but when his remonstrances and warnings were disregarded, he devoted all his energies to the service of his native city. After fighting some of the bravest of the Hellenic warriors, and among others slaying Patroclus, the friend of Achilles, he was at length vanquished and killed by the latter, who dragged his corpse to the Greek fleet, or according to later tradition thrice around the walls of Troy; but afterward relenting, he restored it for a ransom to Priam.