Peteror Petrus Lombardus Lombard, an Italian theologian, born near Novara about the beginning of the 12th century, died in Paris about 1160. He first studied at Bologna, and St. Bernard placed him at the seminary of Rheims. He afterward entered the university of Paris, where he became a pupil of Abelard, and was so distinguished by his attainments that he was appointed tutor to Philip, son of Louis the Fat, and became professor of theology in the university, and in 1159 bishop of Paris, but soon relinquished this office in favor of Maurice of Sully. The most remarkable of his works is his Sententiarum Libri IV., a collection of passages from the fathers bearing on controverted points in theology. It acquired a great reputation, being employed in the schools as a manual, and made the text of innumerable commentaries. It was from this work that he derived his designation " master of sentences." It is still in repute, and was reprinted in Paris (2 vols. 8vo) in 1841.
Peters, Or Peeters, Bonaventura, a Flemish painter, born in Antwerp in 1614, died there, according to most authors, July 25, 1652, but according to Valkema in 1671. He was especially distinguished as a marine painter. His best works are now scarce.
See Du Petit-Thouaes.
Petrns Van Schendel, a Belgian painter, born in Breda in 1806. He studied at the academy of Antwerp, and settled in Brussels. Among his best works are market scenes and interiors, contrasting the effects of moonlight and fire light or lamp light.
See Bettys, Peter de.
Petronius Arbiter, the author of Petronii Arbitri Satyricon, a work of no certain date, in prose and verse, describing the adventures of several young debauchees in the south of Italy, particularly Naples and its environs. It has been .maintained that he was the Caius Pe-tronius spoken of by Tacitus (Ann. xvi. 18, 19) as the most elegant voluptuary of the days of Nero, the arbiter elegantim of that monarch. His life being threatened by the jealousy of Tigellinus, he opened his veins, and, occasionally checking the flow of blood by bandages, sank so gradually that his death seemed to be the result of natural causes. The best edition of the extant fragments of the Satyri-con is that of Burmann (2 vols. 4to, Amsterdam, 1743), and there are English translations.
Petrozavodsk, a fortified town of Russia, capital of the government of Olonetz, on the W. shore of Lake Onega, 185 m. N. E. of St. Petersburg; pop. in 1867, 10,910. It contains six churches, a gymnasium, an imperial cannon foundery, where anchors are also cast for the navy, two extensive docks for lake vessels, a lighthouse, and various manufactories. Large vessels navigate the rivers and lakes between this town and St. Petersburg.
See Lombard, Peter.
Pettis, a W. central county of Missouri, drained by La Mine river and branches; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870,18,706, of whom 2,126 were colored. It has an undulating surface with extensive prairies and forests, and the soil is fertile. The Missouri Pacific railroad and the Lexington branch pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 270,245 bushels of wheat, 920,178 of Indian corn, 312,-416 of oats, 55,250 of potatoes, 146,905 lbs. of butter, 48,989 of wool, and 10,817 tons of hay. There were 7,060 horses, 2,012 mules and asses, 5,376 milch cows, 7,245 other cattle, 17,928 sheep, and 25,726 swine; 2 manufactories of boots and shoes, 5 of carriages and wagons, 1 of patent medicines, 4 of saddlery and harness, 1 brewery, and 5 flour mills. Capital, Sedalia.