Rawlins

Rawlins, a N. W. county of Kansas, formed since 1870; area, 900 sq. m. It borders on Nebraska, and is drained by Beaver and Sappa creeks, affluents of the Republican river.

Raymond Theodore Troplong

Raymond Theodore Troplong, a French jurist, born at St. Gaudens, Haute-Garonne, Oct. 8, 1795, died in Paris, March 2, 1869. He early held important judicial offices. In 1846 he was made a peer, in 1848 first president of the court of Paris, and in 1852 of the court of cassation. In 1852 he was made a senator, and in 1854 president of the senate. His principal work, Le Code civil explique (28 vols., 1833-'58), is a collection of treatises in continuation of Toullier's Commentaire du Code civil, many of which have been published separately.

Raymond Vieussens

Raymond Vieussens, a French physician, born in the district of Rouergue in 1641, died in Montpellier about 1720. His most important title to distinction rests upon his Neurogruphia Universalis (Lyons, 1685), on the anatomy of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Among other anatomical structures first described by him is the " valve of Vieussens,11 a thin layer of white nervous matter forming the roof of the anterior part of the fourth ventricle of the brain, and still known by his name. His last publication was his Traité des liqueurs du corps humain (Toulouse, 1715).

Re, Or Rhe

Re, Or Rhe, an island of France, in the bay of Biscay, forming part of the department of Charente-Inférieure, and separated from La Rochelle by a channel about 2 m. wide; area, about 30 sq. m.; pop. about, 18,000. The island is inaccessible on the S. W., but the N. E. coast is strongly indented and forms several harbors. The inhabitants are engaged in commerce and the fisheries, the production of salt, and the manufacture of wine, brandy, and vinegar. The chief town, St. Martin de Ré, on the N. E. coast (pop. in 1872, 2,740), is strongly fortified. From its commanding position near La Rochelle, the isle of Ré was of great military importance in Richelieu's final struggle with the Huguenots. In 1627 the duke of Buckingham led a powerful expedition against it. He landed on July 20, and continued the attack for more than three months, but was finally forced to abandon it.

Reaping Machines

See Mowing and Reaping Machines.

Rebekah

See Isaac, and Jacob.

Receipts

State taxes collected.............................. $575,164

Tax on gross receipts of railroad companies........ 129,907

" "' " of insurance companies...... 25.505

Fees of insurance companies...................... 4.345

Taxes of telegraph companies..................... 673

State prison labor............................... 9,634

Board of United States convicts.................. 6,772

Sale of state bonds............................... 20.000

" of school lands.............................. 63,196

" of timber on school lands.................... 23,428

" of university lands and timber............... 11.070

Interest on permanent school fund................ 188.031

" " university fund............ 10.555

" " state deposits......................... 9,270

" " bonus railroad bonds.................. 10.925

Internal improvement fund....................... 17,413