Saguntum, Or Saguntus

Saguntum, Or Saguntus, an ancient town of Spain, the ruins of which, consisting of a theatre and a temple of Bacchus, are still visible at Murviedro in the province of Valencia, near the mouth of the river Palancia in the Mediterranean. It was founded, according to tradition, by a Greek colony from Zacynthus (Zante), who named it after their native island, but owes its celebrity in history to its destruction by Hannibal, 219 B. C, which immediately led to the second Punic war. It was rebuilt by the Romans and made a colony. The name of the modern town on its site is derived from muri veteres (old walls). The ruins of the ancient theatre, the general form of which is still perfect, were enclosed with a wall in 1867.

Sahaptins, Or Saptins

Sahaptins, Or Saptins, a family of North American Indians, living west of the Rocky mountains and extending from the Dalles of the Columbia to the Bitter Root mountains, on both sides of the Columbia, and on forks of the Lewis and the Snake or Sahaptin rivers. They have the Selish family on the north and the Shoshones on the south. The family embraces the Nez Percés or Sahaptin proper (see Nez PercÉs), the Palus, the Tairtla, the Wallawal-las, the Yakamas and Kliketats, and according to some the Waiilatpus or Cayuses.

Saigon, Or Saigun

Saigon, Or Saigun, a city of Further India, capital of French Cochin China, on the river Saigon, 35 m. from its mouth; pop. estimated at from 60,000 to 120,000. It consists of two separate towns connected by a navigable river and a road 2 m. long. The citadel was begun by a French engineer in 1790, and now includes barracks, officers' quarters, and a governor's residence. There are a large naval yard, an arsenal, two pagodas, and extensive rice magazines. The river Mekong communicates with the Saigon by a canal. The city is an important seat of commerce, exporting rice, cinnamon, and valuable woods, and is a convenient station for commercial and postal steam lines. - Saigon formerly belonged to Anam. It was captured and occupied by the French under Admiral Rigault de Genouilly, Feb. 17, 1859, and it became French territory by treaty, June 5, 1862.

Sail

See Ship.

Sailing

See Navigation.

Saimiri

See Monkey.

Saint

See Canonization.

Saint Anthony's Fire

See Erysipelas.

Saint Barbara

Saint Barbara, a virgin and martyr, honored in the Greek and Roman Catholic churches, and supposed to have suffered at Heliopolis in 306, or at Nicomedia in Bithynia in 235.

According to the Aurea Legenda, she was born at Heliopolis in Egypt, of pagan parents; and her father, fearing she should be taken from him on account of her great beauty, confined her in a tower. In her seclusion she heard of the preaching of Origen, and wrote to him begging for instruction, whereupon he sent one of his disciples, who taught and baptized her. On learning this her father put her to death, and is said to have been immediately struck by lightning; for which reason the saint has been regarded as the patron of sailors in a storm, and of artillerymen. In art she is generally represented with a tower. Her festival day is Dec. 4.