Saint Benedict, born at Nursia in Umbria in 480, died March 21, 543. His parents sent him to Rome to study, but, disgusted with the vices and temptations he found there, he fled to the desert of Subiaco, between Tivoli and Sora. After a time he could no longer conceal himself, and finally built a monastery on Monte Casino, where he laid the foundation of the Benedictine order, and presided as abbot during 14 years.
Saint Benno, bishop of Meissen, born at Hildesheim about 1010, died June 16,1107. He was a Benedictine of Hildesheim when in 1051 he was appointed canon of the church in Goslar, whence he was promoted by Henry IV. to the bishopric of Meissen. In the war between that emperor and Pope Gregory VII., he ultimately declared for the pope, and was several times made a prisoner. When in 1085 he supported in a council the excommunication pronounced against the emperor, the latter took from him his bishopric, which was afterward restored by the antipope Clement III. In the 15th century pilgrimages were made to his tomb, and in 1523 he was canonized.
Saint Bernardin Of Siena, born at Massa, Italy, Sept. 8, 1380, died at Aquila, May 20, 1444. He showed remarkable courage and devotion during a pestilence which ravaged Siena in i MM). Having joined the order of St. Francis, he was sent to the Holy Land, and after his return preached 14 years with great suc-cess. He refused the bishoprics of Siena, Fer-rara, and Urbino, but accepted the office of vicar general of the Franciscans, in order to restore what be conceived to he the original discipline. He founded 800 monasteries. Those who embraced his reform constituted the branch of the Observantines. His eloquence was exerted with great effect for the reconciliation of the Guelpha and Ghibellines. In 1450 he was canonized by Pope Nicholas V. His works appeared in Venice in 1591 in 4 vols. 4to, and at Paris in 1686 in 2 vols, folio. They consist of essays on religious subjects, sermons, and a commentary on the hook of Revelation.
Saint Catharines, a town, port of entry, and the capital of Lincoln co., Ontario, Canada, on the Welland canal and the Great Western and Welland railways, 35 m. S. of Toronto; pop. in 1861, 6,284; in 1871, 7,864. It is celebrated for its mineral springs, and is the centre of a large and rapidly increasing business. It contains five or six large flouring mills, several saw and planing mills, founderies and machine shops, a sewing machine factory, soap and candle factories, tanneries, woollen mills, breweries, ship yards, etc. There are three branch banks, excellent hotels, a hospital, grammar school, commercial college, three daily and three weekly newspapers, a convent, and churches of seven denominations. The value of imports for the year ending June 30, 1874, was $1,066,589; of exports, $34,803.
Saint Catharine Of Siena, born at Siena in 1347, died in Rome, April 29, 1380. She entered at 20 years of age the order of Dominican nuns, and became distinguished for her charity and devotion. She restored the Florentines to the favor of Gregory XL, and exhorted that pontiff to leave Avignon for Rome. She wrote in defence of Pope Urban VI., when his authority was contested by Clement VII. She was canonized by Pius II. in 1461, and her anniversary is celebrated on April 30. The works of this saint are principally treatises upon devotional subjects, letters, and poems, collected in Opere della serajica Santa Calar rina (4 vols., Siena and Lucca, 1707-'13).