Saint Cecilia

Saint Cecilia, a Roman lady of high descent, born about the middle of the 2d or the commencement of the 3d century. Compelled by her parents to marry Valerian, a noble youth of Rome, although she had at an early age made a vow to consecrate her life to religion, she was eventually doomed to sutler martyrdom; and her husband, her brother-in-law, and another Roman, whom she is believed to have converted, were supposed to have met with the same fate. St. Cecilia is the chosen patroness of musicians, and from her skill in singing is especially regarded as the patroness of sacred music. St. Cecilia's day, Nov. 22, is annually celebrated in England by a musical festival. Several churches were built in her honor at Rome. Beautiful pictures of the saint were executed by Raphael and other celebrated painters, and Pere de Braillon of the Oratoirc published in 1668 a work entitled, La sepulture admirable de Sainte Cecile dans son eglise de Borne.

Saint Croix, A West India Island

See Santa Cruz.

Saint Domingo

See Hayti, and Santo Domingo.

Saint Francis

Saint Francis, an E. county of Arkansas, drained by the St. Francis and L'Anguille rivers; area, about 625 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,714, of whom 114 were colored. The surface is nearly level, and the soil productive. It is intersected by the Memphis and Little Rock railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 141,911 bushels of Indian corn, 8,850 of sweet and 2,440 of Irish potatoes, and 3,757 bales of cotton. There were 1,014 horses, 659 mules and asses, 1,662 milch cows, 368 working oxen, 2,449 other cattle, 924 sheep, and 8,060 swine. Capital, Madison.

Saint Francis River

See Arkansas, vol. i., p. 714.

Saint Francois

Saint Francois, an E. S. E. county of Missouri, drained by the Big river, a branch of the Maramec, and the sources of the St. Francis; area, 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,742, of whom 518 were colored. The surface is broken and hilly, and includes a portion of the Iron mountain. It has extensive iron works. It is traversed by the St. Louis and Columbus and the St. Louis and Texas divisions of the St. Louis and Iron Mountain railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 63,632 bushels of wheat, 247,581 of Indian corn, 125,803 of oats, 3,083 tons of hay, 9,490 lbs. of tobacco, 20,460 of wool, 66,133 of butter, and 12,354 of sorghum molasses. There were 1,927 horses, 732 mules and asses, 1,945 milch cows, 512 working oxen, 2,921 other cattle, 9,459 sheep, and 17,217 swine. Capital, Farmington.

Saint Gothard

See Alps, vol. i., pp. 352 and 354.

Saint Hilda

Saint Hilda, abbess of Streaneshalch (now Whitby) in Yorkshire, born in 617, died in 680. She was a grandniece of Edwin, king of Northumbria, was devoted to a religious life from her 13th year, and founded in the reign of Oswald a small nunnery on the Wear. In 650 she became abbess of Hartlepool, where in 655 she was intrusted by Oswy with the education of his daughter Elfleda. The royal munificence enabled her to erect soon afterward a monastery at Whitby, which her reputation for sanctity soon made the most flourishing in England. It became the home of many eminent men, among whom may be mentioned Hedda, Wilfrid, and Caedmon, the poet. Hilda's feast is celebrated on Nov. 18. She is praised by historians for her successful efforts in converting the pagans.