Simon Greenleaf, an American jurist, born in Newburyport, Mass., Dec. 5, 1783, died in Cambridge, Oct. 6, 1853. He practised law in Massachusetts and afterward in Maine, was reporter of the supreme court of Maine from 1820 to 1832, and during this period published nine volumes of reports, and a treatise on the "Origin and Principles of Free-Masonry" (Portland, 1820). In 1833 he became professor of law in Harvard university, and held this office till 1848. In 1840 he published a volume of " Overruled, Denied, and Doubted Decisions and Dicta," which was expanded in subsequent editions to three volumes. In 1846 he published an "Examination of the Testimony of the Four Evangelists, by the Rules of Evidence as administered in Courts of Justice, with an Account of the Trial of Jesus." In 1849 he published an edition of Cruise's "Digest of the Law of Real Property." But his great work was a "Treatise on the Law of Evidence " (3 vols., 1842-'53).
Simon Ockley, an English orientalist, born in Exeter in 1G78, died at Swavesey, Cambridgeshire, Aug. 9,.1720. He was educated at Queen's college, Cambridge, and became vicar of Swavesey in 1705 and professor of Arabic at Cambridge in 1711. His principal work, compiled from Arabic manuscripts in the Bodleian library, is a "History of the Saracens" (2 vols. 8vo, 1708-'18). He dates the second volume from Cambridge castle, where he was imprisoned for debt. His other works include Introductio ad Linguas Orientales (170G) and a new translation from the Arabic version of the second "Apocryphal Book of Esdras" (1710).
Simon Vouet, a French painter, born in Paris, Jan. 9, 1590, died there, June 30, 1649. He studied under his father, and in 1611 went with the French ambassador to Constantinople, where he painted from memory a portrait of the sultan Ahmed I. After familiarizing himself at Yenice with the style of Paul Veronese, he settled in 1613 in Rome, became a rival of Domenichino and an imitator of Guido and Caravaggio, and in 1624 was made prince of the academy of St. Luke. In 1625 he married the painter Virginia di Vezzo of Velletri. In 1627 Louis XIII., who had long paid him a pension of 2,000 francs, invited him to the Louvre. He became his principal painter, and was employed in embellishing the palaces at Paris, Versailles, and Fontainebleau, Richelieu's chapel at his chąteau of Rueil, and many of the churches. His " St. Francis de Paula resuscitating a Child," in the church of the Minims, and "Presentation in the Temple," in the Louvre, are his masterpieces.
Simone Cantarini, an Italian painter, born at Pesaro in 1612, died at Verona, Oct. 15, 1648. He was the pupil and perhaps the closest imitator of Guido Reni, and one of the best of the Italian portrait painters. A portrait by him of his master in the academy of Bologna is said to be one of the best painted heads in the world. He was of a vain and intolerant disposition, and died in the service of the duke of Mantua, not without suspicions of poison. He executed a number of masterly etchings, which are highly prized by print collectors.