Sir James Paget, an English surgeon, born in Great Yarmouth in 1814. He is the son of a merchant, and was educated at the medical school connected with St. Bartholomew's hospital in London. He began practice there in 1834, and became sergeant surgeon extraordinary to the queen and surgeon to the prince of Wales. He received the degree of D. C. L. from Oxford, of M. D, from Bonn, and of LL. D, from Edinburgh, is a member of the senate of the university of London, and was created a baronet in 1871. Among his works are "Lectures on Surgical Pathology" (1853-'68).
Sir James Thornhill, an English painter, born in Weymouth in 1676, died there, May 4, 1734. He settled in London, and during the last 30 years of his life was employed on important works, including the eight pictures in chiaroscuro illustrating the history of St. Paul on the inner dome of St. Paul's cathedral, and the decorations at Kensington palace, Blenheim, and Greenwich hospital. In 1724 he opened an academy for drawing at his house. Hogarth was his pupil and son-in-law. He was knighted by George I., and represented Weymouth in parliament.
Sir John Beaumont, an English poet, born in 1582, died in 1028. He was the elder brother of Francis Beaumont, the dramatist, and published first a poem on Bosworth Field, and then a small volume of poems, remarkable for their high moral tone. He also wrote a poem called "The Crown of Thorns," in 8 books, which is lost. Winstanley, in his "Honor of Parnassus," describes Sir John Beaumont as one of "the great souls of numbers."
Sir John Birkenhead, an English satirical and political writer, born at Northwich, Cheshire, 1615, died in Westminster, Dec. 4, 1679. He was educated at Oxford, and appointed secretary to Archbishop Laud. In 1642 he commenced the publication of the "Mercurius Aulieus" or court journal, through which during the civil war the court communicated with the rest of the kingdom. He satirized the Presbyterians in "The Assembly Man" (1662 '3), and wrote also "Two Centuries of St. Paul's Churchyard" (1649), "The Four-legged Quaker," etc. He was persecuted during the commonwealth. At the restoration he was knighted and received several offices.
Sir John Chandos, an English soldier, born at Radborne early in the 14th century, fell in battle at Lussac, Poitou, in 1309. He was the elder son of Sir Edward Chandos, and one of the original knights of the garter. He distinguished himself at Crecy and Poitiers, and received from Edward III., besides other favors, a barony and the title of vice chamberlain. The victory at Auray in 1304, in favor of the earl of Montfort, son-in-law of Edward III., as duke of Brittany, against Charles de Blois, was chiefly due to his valor. He procured the liberation of his antagonist Bertrand du Guesclin, won renown on various other occasions, and became constable of Aquitaine and seneschal of Poitou. The king of France exclaimed on his death that Chandos was the only warrior who could have made peace between him and Edward. He was buried at Mortemer, near Neufehatel. Froissart and other historians praise his virtues and heroism.