See Chiccory.

Sucre, Or Chnquisaca

Sucre, Or Chnquisaca, the capital of Bolivia and of the department of Chuquisaca, on a plateau above the Rio de la Plata, about 10,000 ft. above the sea; lat. 19° 20' S., Ion. 64° 40' W.; pop. in 1865, 26,664, the greater part of whom were Indians. It has regular, spacious, and clean streets, with well built houses, generally of two stories. The principal buildings are the cathedral, in the Moresque style, the president's palace, the churches of San Miguel and San Francisco, two monasteries, three nunneries, and the theatre. It is the see of an archbishop.


See Sodermanland.

Sudetic Mountains

See Germany, vol. vii., p. 744.


See Diaphoretics.


Suevi, a powerful group of migratory German tribes, who about the beginning of the Christian era are said by ancient writers to have occupied the larger part of Germany. C;esar describes them as dwelling between the Rhine and the Weser. According to Strabo, they extended across the central parts of modern Germany, between the Rhine and the Oder, and as far S. as the head waters of the Danube. Tacitus seems to designate by the name Suevi the tribes of eastern Germany from the Danube to the shores of the Baltic. In the 2d century the collective appellation disappears, the single tribes of the group being designated by their distinctive names. Later, however, other Suevi, an adventurous German people of mixed origin, appear upon the banks of the Neckar, where they gave rise to the modern name Swabia, and also in northern Spain, where they conquered Galicia early in the ■ 5th century. Their Galician realm was destroyed by the Visigoths in 585.


See Asphyxia.


Sufis (Arab, suf, wool, from the dress of the devotees), a peculiar sect of Mohammedans, who claim supernatural intercourse with the Supreme Being, a mystical identity and union with him, and miraculous powers. Said Abul Khair first gathered them into an organized body about 820, and they have numbered among them some of the most eminent Mo-. hammedan scholars and poets.

Sugar Of Lead

See Lead, vol. x., p. 246.

Sugar Of Milk

See Milk, Sugar of.


See Felo de Se.


Suidas, a Greek lexicographer, supposed to have lived shortly after the 10th century A. D. His "Lexicon" contains articles on geography, biography, and history, under proper names, which are given coordinately with the words of the Greek language, and contains many extracts from ancient Greek writers, the works of some of whom are lost. It appears to have received additions from various hands. The first edition was published by Demetrius Chal-condvles (fol., Milan, 1499); the best are those of T. Gaisford (3 vols, fol., Oxford, 1834) and Bernhardy (4 vols., Halle, 1834-'53).

Sullivan's Island

See Moultrie, Fort.


Sully, a S. central county of Dakota, recently formed and not included in the census of 1870; area, about 1,300 sq. m. It is bounded W. by the Missouri and watered by its affluents. The surface is mostly undulating prairies. The Missouri bottom is very productive.