Lawrence, the name of ten counties in the United States.
I. A W. County Of Pennsylvania, bordering on Ohio, and watered by Beaver river and its constituents the Mahoning and Chenango; area, 360 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 27,298. It contains limestone and valuable coal and iron mines; the surface is somewhat uneven and the soil fertile. It is traversed by the Beaver and Erie canal, and by the Erie and Pittsburgh railroad, and the New Castle and Youngstown branch of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago road. The chief productions in 1870 were 235,407 bushels of wheat, 349,353 of Indian corn, 547,783 of oats, 119,777 of potatoes, 63,944 lbs. of flax, 268,127 of wool, 716,229 of butter, and 27,965 tons of hay. There were 6,245 horses, 7,650 milch cows, 7,294 other cattle, 61,373 sheep, and 9,380 swine; 3 manufactories of brick, 3 of brooms, 8 of carriages, 1 of window glass, 16 of iron, 1 of machinery, 5 of saddlery and harness, 5 of woollen goods, 1 distillery, 12 flour mills, 3 planing mills, and 16 saw mills. Capital, New Castle.
II. A N. W. County Of Alabama, bounded N. by Tennessee river, the Muscle shoals of which occur in this part of its course; area, 725 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 16,658, of whom 6,562 were colored. It has a mountainous surface and a good soil. The Memphis and Charleston railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 20,233 bushels of wheat, 519,673 of Indian corn, 14,143 of sweet potatoes, 174,063 lbs. of butter, and 9,243 bales of cotton. There were 2,570 horses, 1,816 mules and asses, 3,748 milch cows, 5,832 other cattle, 5,095 sheep, and 18,627 swine. Capital, Moulton.
III. A S. County Of Mississippi, traversed by Pearl river; area, about 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,720, of whom 3,042 were colored. Part of the surface is covered with pine forests. The soil is of various quality. The New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 140,917 bushels of Indian corn, 21,869 of sweet potatoes, 2,782 bales of cotton, and 15,806 lbs. of rice. There were 1,051 horses, 1,718 milch cows, 1,046 working oxen, 2,622 other cattle, 4,014 sheep, and 8,669 swine. Capital, Mon-ticello.
IV. A N. E. County Of Arkansas, drained by Black river and its branches; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,981, of whom 246 were colored. It has a level or moderately diversified surface, with much fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 47,450 bushels of Indian corn, 15,867 lbs. of butter, and 1,023 bales of cotton. There were 526 horses, 659 milch cows, 1,475 other cattle, and 5,471 swine. Capital, Smithville.
V. A S. County Of Tennessee, bordering on Alabama, and drained by small affluents of the Tennessee river; area, 780 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,601, of whom 565 were colored. It contains valuable iron mines. The surface is chiefly table land, and the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 31,321 bushels of wheat, 189,695 of Indian corn, 22,095 of oats, 32,417 lbs. of tobacco, 10,598 of wool, and 522 bales of cotton. There were 1,745 horses, 1,867 milch cows, 2,986 other cattle, 5,520 sheep, and 13,584 swine. There were 6 cotton factories. Capital, Lawrenceburg.
VI. A N. E. County Of Kentucky, separated from West Virginia by Big Sandy river, and drained by the W. fork of that stream and by Little Sandy river; area, 205 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,497, of whom 121 were colored. Coal and iron are abundant. The surface is hilly, and in many places well timbered, and the soil is of excellent quality. The chief productions in 1870 were 11,237 bushels of wheat, 222,659 of Indian corn, 29,782 of oats, 16,626 of potatoes, 11,935 lbs. of tobacco, and 12,918 of wool. There were 1,054 horses, 1,474 milch cows, 1,361 working oxen, 2,291 other cattle, 8,454 sheep, and 9,430 swine. Capital, Louisa.
VII. A S. County Of Ohio, separated by the Ohio river from West Virginia and Kentucky; area, 430 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 31,380. It has rich mines of iron and coal, and beds of clav suit-able for stone ware, and is the chief seat of the iron manufacture in the state. The surface is broken by sandstone hills, but the soil of the valleys is rich. The Iron railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 116,058 bushels of wheat, 523,858 of Indian corn, 71,987 of oats, 52,054 of potatoes, 33,370 lbs. of tobacco, 19,336 of wool, 187,174 of butter, and 5,103 tons of hay. There were 2,522 horses, 2,316 milch cows, 5,593 other cattle, 8,512 sheep, and 9,747 swine; 11 manufactories of charcoal, 11 of cooperage, 22 of iron, 1 of engines and boilers, 3 of saddlery and harness, 21 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 2 planing mills, 7 saw mills, and 4 flour mills. Capital, Ironton.
VIII. A S. County Of Indiana, watered by the E. fork of White river; area, 438 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 14,628. The surface is undulating and well timbered, and the soil is fertile. The Louisville, New Albany, and Chicago, and the Ohio and Mississippi railroads pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 139,340 bushels of wheat, 591,824 of Indian corn, 127,640 of oats, 30,229 of potatoes, 10,073 lbs. of tobacco, 55,-843 of wool, 213,125 of butter, and 5,264 tons of hay. There 5,266 horses, 1,516 mules and asses, 3,564 milch cows, 9,984 other cattle, 19,984 sheep, and 23,489 swine; 3 flour mills, 2 saw mills, and 1 manufactory of tobacco and cigars. Capital, Bedford.
IX. A S. E. County Of Illinois, separated from Indiana by the Wa-bash river, and intersected by its tributary the Embarras; area, 560 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,533. The surface is diversified, and is occupied partly by fertile prairies and partly by swamps. The Ohio and Mississippi railroad traverses it. The chief productions in 1876 were 264,134 bushels of wheat, 656,363 of In-dian corn, 131,386 of oats, 33,855 of potatoes, 41,220 lbs. of wool, 93,941 of butter, and 7,701 tons of hay. There were 4,375 horses, 3,053 milch cows, 4,963 other cattle, 15,482 sheep, and 17,654 swine; 5 carriage factories, and 3 flour mills. Capital, Lawrenceville.
X. A S. W. County Of Missouri, drained by Sac river and the head streams of Spring river; area, 573 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 13,067, of whom 259 were colored. It has a hilly and undulating surface, and a good soil. Coal is found in the N. W. part. The Atlantic and Pacific railroad passes through the S. E. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were 135,838 bushels of wheat, 621,495 of Indian corn, 222,723 of oats, 40,-225 of potatoes, 21,770 lbs. of tobacco, 24,514 of wool, 148,164 of butter, 2,696 tons of hay, and 66 bales of cotton. There were 6,917 horses, 991 mules and asses, 4,043 milch cows, 6,149 other cattle, 12,444 sheep, and 22,076 swine; 5 flour mills, 8 saw mills, and 3 wool-carding and cloth - dressing establishments. Capital, Mount Vernon.