I. William

I. William, an English theologian, born in London in 1661, died at Buriton, Hampshire, in 1732. He graduated at Oxford in 1683, and became chaplain to Dr. Mew, bishop of Winchester, who in 1696 conferred on him a prebend in his own cathedral, and in 1699 presented him to the living of Buriton, which he retained till his death. He contributed many valuable notes to Potter's "Clemens Alexan-drinus," Hudson's " Josephus," and Reading's "Ecclesiastical Historians." The principal of his own works are: "A Vindication of the Divine Authority and Inspiration of the Old and New Testaments " (Oxford, 1692); "Directions for the Profitable Reading of the Holy Scriptures" (London, 1708); and "Commentaries on the Prophets " (1714-'25.) II. Robert, son of the preceding, born in Winchester, Nov. 28, 1710, died at Fulham, near London, Nov. 3, 1787. He graduated at New college, Oxford, in 1737, and in 1741 became professor of poetry there, in which capacity he delivered a course of lectures on the " Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews." In 1744 Bishop Hoadley presented him to the living of Ovington, Hampshire. In 1748-'9 he travelled on the continent, in 1750 was made archdeacon of Winchester, in 1753 rector of East Woodhay in Hampshire, and was afterward nominated to the see of Limerick, but declined it for the prebend of Durham and rectory of Scdgefield. He was made bishop of St. David's in 1766, was translated to Oxford in the same year, and to London in 1777. On the death of Archbishop Cornwallis in 1783, George III. offered Dr. Lowth the primacy of Canterbury, but he declined it.

His most important works are: Prcelectiones de Sacra Poesi Hebrceorum (Oxford, 1753; translated into English by G. Gregory, with notes by Michaelis, etc, 1787); " Life of William of Wykeham " (1758); " A Short Introduction to English Grammar " (1762); and a metrical " Translation of Isaiah " (1778), which is his greatest production. There have been many later editions of this and of most of his other works.