Gripes, or Colic, in Farriery, a disorder, with which horses are frequently affected. As it arises from various causes, its treatment must necessarily differ ; and as the most judicious farriers have divided this malady into three species, we have adopted such division, because there is no distemper incident to that useful animal, which is more frequently mismanaged by ignorant pretenders, and consequently becomes incurable.
The first species is the flatu/ent colic, which is generally occasioned by wind in the bowels, after drinking cold water, when the horse is hot; or the perspirable matter is retained, and repelled on the bowels, by catching cold: in either case, those parts become violently distended,. - This species of the dis-ease may be distinguished by the rambling of confined air in the in-ies, and the restlessness of the animal affected, which often lies down, and rises almost instantly with a violent spring ; striking his belly with his hinder feet, stamping with those before, and refusing his food. The horse is frequently attacked with a kind of convulsions, and falls into profuse sweats, which are quickly succeeded by cold damps. He strives repeatedly to stale, turning his head tohis flanks, rolling on the ground, and frequently lying on his back. The symptom last mentioned arises from a retention of urine, which generally attends the flatulent colic, and is often increased by an accumulation of dung pressing on the neck of the bladder. - The first remedy is, to introduce into the straight gut, a small hand dipped in oil, by which the confined air obtains a passage; and, the neck of the bladder being thus relieved, the suppression of urine will be removed. Next, the following preparation will be of considerable service : Take half an ounce of Venice turpentine, and a similar quantity of juniper-berries pounded; one ounce of salt-petre, one dram of oil of juniper, and two drams of salt of tartar. Let these ingredients be formed into a ball with syrup, and given to the animal affected; after which it may be washed down with a deco6tion of juniper-berries, or with a little ale. - But, if the horse neither break wind, nor stale plentifully, it will be requisite to repeat the ball at the expiration of two hours, with the addition of one dram of salt of amber. He should likewise be gently exercised during the continuance of the fit. - A clyster may be given either during the interval of taking the balls, or alone, and occasionally repeated : for this purpose farriers use the following ingredients, viz. Two hand-fuls of chamomile flowers,an ounce or anise-seeds, and a similar quantity of fennel and coriander seeds : these are to be boiled in three quarts of water, till they are reduced to two ; when hall" a pint of gin should be added, together with half an ounce of oil of amber, and eight ounces of oil of chamomile. We conceive, however, that instead of the last three expensive articles, a pint of common, or linseed oil, will answer a similar purpose. - By a judicious application of these remedies, the animal will be considerably relieved; and, if his restlessness cease, and he continue quiet for an hour or longer, no danger need be apprehended.
2. The bilious, or inflammatory gripes, are attended with the same symptoms as the flatulent colic, together with a considerable degree of fever, panting, and dryness of the mouth. The horse frequently discharges a small quantity of dung, together with a hot scalding water. If the urine appear of a blackish, or reddish colour, accompanied with a fetid smell, a mortification will speedily ensue. - To counteract these dangerous symptoms, the distempered animal should immedi-ately lose three quarts of blood; which operation ought to be repeated, unless a favourable change take place within three hours.. The clyster above-mentioned, should be injected thrice a-day, with the addition of two ounces of nitre dissolved in water : large draughts of gum-water should be allowed, and a pint of the following drink ad ministered every three hours, till several loose stools are procured ; when it may be repeated every night; and morning, till the disorder be removed : Let three ounces of senna, and half an ounce of salt of tartar be infused in two quarts of boiling water, for one or two hours; when the liquor should be strained, adding two ounces of the common lenitive electuary, and four ounces of Glauber's salt. If, notwithstanding these remedies, the inflammatory symptoms become more violent, the event will in general be fatal. A strong decoction of Peruvian bark is the. only medicine that may probably afford relief"; a pint of which ought to be given every three hours, with half a pint of Port-wine.
3. The dry gripes arise chiefly from costivencss ; they are known by the animal's restlessness, and frequent but unsuccessful attempts to dung. In this case, the straight gut should be relieved in the manner above directed for the flatulent colic; an emollient clyster, consisting of two or three quarts of thin Water gruel, six ounces of sugar, and an equal quantity of salad-oil, should be injected lukewarm, three times in the course of twenty-four hours ; and the purging drink, prescribed for the inflammatory gripes, may be given till the bowels be unloaded, and the symptoms abate.
The proper diet for horses attacked with either species of this painful disorder, ought to be scalded bran, thin water-gruel, or what is called by farriers white water; which is prepared by dissolving four ounces of gum arabic in two quarts of water, and mixing the whole with the animal's usual drink.