You may sew three snaps on the hems and one hook and eye on the band (Chap. II, Par. 133) over-lapping the band and hems on the front; or buttons and buttonholes may be used placing two buttonholes in the center of the right hem and one crosswise in the band (Chap. II, Par. 136); sew on buttons to correspond with the buttonholes.
1. What material is most suitable for a traveling case? What is it worth per yard?
3. Why is linen preferable to cotton for table cloths and napkins?
4. What treatment is sometimes applied to cotton in order to give it the appearance of linen?
5. Inquire at your local dry goods stores and compare the cost per yard of genuine table linen and cotton.
6. What kind of material is most suitable for a shop apron? Why?
7. For what reasons should an ironing board have a cover? What material is suitable for this purpose?
9. What material would you use for a clothes pin bag?
10. Explain a method for laying out the scallops on a scalloped towel. What common articles about the home may serve this purpose?
11. What is the purpose of a sewing apron?
12. What must you watch most carefully in order to make an excellent running stitch?
13. How do you explain the fact that most of our mothers and grandmothers were able to do such beautiful plain sewing by hand?
14. Explain two ways in which bedroom slippers may be made. Which do you prefer? Why?
15. What sort of material would you select for a fancy handmade handkerchief?
16. Design, draw and explain how you could make an attractive handkerchief.
17. What stitches are used in making the corset cover given in this section? What other projects have you made employing those same stitches?
18. What processes have you learned from these lessons which you can use in your home work?
1. While it is very necessary for the beginner to baste seams, hems, etc., before stitching them permanently, the skilled seamstress saves a great deal of time by pinning raw edges together and stitching them without basting. It requires considerable practice to be able to do this successfully.
Using a piece of wash goods that you already have on hand, make a pair of sleevelets similar to those given in this section, without basting them. Time yourself, do your work carefully, and compare the results with work done where you have basted carefully before stitching.
2. Stenciling is used quite commonly for decorating curtains, sofa pillows, table runners and many other similar articles in the home. Make your own design and stencil a sofa pillow, the curtains for your room, or a table runner for a Christmas gift.
3. Sort out the stockings which are too badly worn for further use. Cut off the feet, cut open the legs and join the narrow part of one to the wide part of another, forming a square, or oblong. Hem the joined pieces on the edges with the sewing machine and use for stove cloths; if saturated with furniture polish they will also make excellent "dustless dusters"; if folded in quarters, stitched on the edges with a loop or ring sewed in one corner for hangers they may be used for holders.
4. You may make an excellent broom cover out of a worn Turkish towel. This may be used in dusting hardwood floors, base boards, walls or the tops of doors, or window frames. To make this cover, patch the towel if necessary, cut off the fringe if there is any, fold to form a bag and stitch it together on the sewing machine. Sew a tape on one side near the top with which to tie it to the broom handle.
After you have completed the work in Section III you have probably had considerable experience in the use of the sewing machine. The attachments on the sewing machine add greatly to its value, but it requires considerable practice to use them successfully. You probably have a book of directions which was furnished with your sewing machine; study it carefully for it explains just how to use the different attachments.
The hemmers in particular are used to very great advantage. Unthread.the machine and practice using the narrow hemmer on a strip of material.
If you have a number of napkins to hem, try this method of quickening the work: Place the small hemmer on the machine, place the edge of the napkin in the hemmer and fold it in place with the hemmer without having any thread in the machine, then double this hem back on the right side of the napkin and overhand it as usual.
In every household it is frequently necessary to replace worn out articles with new. By careful management the life of many of these worn articles may be prolonged and a considerable saving may be affected thereby. By reading the suggestions given below for the care of linen and worn sheets and discussing the matter with your mother, you may be able to assist her in prolonging the life of these articles.
Remove spots and mend table linen before laundering. Place the freshly laundered linen at the bottom of the linen pile and thus avoid using the same pieces constantly.
Table cloths usually wear along the place where they hang over the edge of the table. This worn space may be cut out and the table cloth rejoined with a felled or lapped seam. This seam lying on the edge of the table will be scarcely noticeable. A table cloth which is too badly worn to be repaired in this manner may be cut in pieces; the badly worn pieces should be saved to use for polishing cloths; the better pieces may be hemmed and used for lunch cloths, tray cloths, doilies, or picnic table cloths.
A sheet which is worn in the center may have the worn piece torn out; the selvage edges may then be overhanded together; the torn edges should be hemmed to form the outside edges of the sheet. If this makes the sheet too narrow for a full sized bed, it may be used on a single bed, or a cot.
Another way of using a worn sheet is to tear it in strips about 36" wide and as long as the end of a comforter or quilt, and stitch the ends together to form a casing which may be slipped over the ends of the comforter to keep it from getting soiled (the ends of the comforters become soiled before the other parts).
Worn sheets make very satisfactory ironing board covers.