This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The following interesting facts were given by different cultivators present: -
Charles Downing said that the variety known as the Hudson River Antwerp, was the only sort cultivated largely for the New York market. The product was from $800 to $800 per acre. Sold, at wholesale, at ten cents a basket, and three baskets made a quart H. E. Hooker, at ten cents a quart, found the yield here to be about $140 per acre. Had taken correct account of one bed containing sixteen rods - one-tenth of an acre, and containing one hundred and thirty-six hills four feet apart each way. The product was two hundred quarts, which, at 12½ cents per quart, wonld be $25. Charging the cost of picking and marketing, manure and cultivation, and cost of plants, use of land, etc., at fair prices, there was left a clear profit of fourteen dollars and eight cents on this small piece of land.
C. L. Hoag, of Lockport, sold over one hundred quarts, this season, at sixteen cents. Brinckle's Orange is not only the best fruit, but bears altogether the best crop. He did not think it firm eaough to bear carriage a great distance. The plant is hardy, though he found that when covered in winter a better crop is produced, and finer. The Hudson River Antwerp killed back unless covered.
Nathaniel Draper, of Rochester, had grown the Red and Yellow Antwerp on the same soil for twenty-five years. Used no manure during the time, but kept the weeds down, and the canes tied to stakes. Never lost a crop, but plants taken from his beds and planted in highly manured soils, have proved barren. Others had observed that high manuring had resulted in strong growth and unproductiveness.
P. Barry thought that raspberries might be raised for six cents a quart at a good profit.
The following remarks on the management of the blackberry, were made by 0. P. Bissell, who has many thousand plants under cultivation: The young plants should have good roots. The first season, the branches spread on the ground; the second and third years throw up strong shoots. Should be planted in rows some eight feet apart, and about the same distance in the rows. For training, the best way is to set posts, and run two wires from post to post, to which the bearing canes should be tied. In the spring, cut the canes back to about five feet, and also shorten the laterals to five or six buds, or they become so heavy with the weight of fruit as to break from the cane. The blackberry fills a vacancy between raspberries and peaches. Had picked over four hundred berries from one plant. After bearing is over, the canes may be untied from the wires, and allowed to fall by their own weight. When fully ripe, the fruit was good, but persons often picked it before ripe.
P. Barry thought the High Bush or Dorchester Blackberry better and more valuable than the New Rochelle.
Charles Downing thought the former the best flavored, but it was not so large nor productive as the New Rochelle. The Newman was sweeter than either, but not very productive.
It was resolved, unanimously, to adopt the name New Rochelle for the variety known by this appellation, instead of Lawton.