This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Cincinnati Horticultural Society met Saturday, Sept 10th, 1853, Dr. Mosher presiding.
Minutes of the last meeting read and approved.
The following gentlemen were appointed a special committee, as the fruit committee was absent: Messrs. Buchanan, Kelly, Hatch, Hill, Graham, McAvoy, Duhme, Anthony, and Dr. Warder.
The President appointed the following gentlemen as delegates to the North Western Pomological Association, to be held at Chicago on the 4th and 7th, inclusive, of October: R. Buchanan, Freeman G. Cary, Dr. W. N. Brisbane, Dr. J. A. Warder, Wm. Hearer, A. H. Ernst.
Mr. Hatch, of the Wine committee, reported a communication from Mr. Longworth, bearing date August 27, 1858, in regard to the weight of must of the Clinton grape, and propounding the inquiry " whether the weight of the must in all grapes is a certain indication of the saccharine quality of the grapes, and the strength of the wine it will produce".
As this question will require a careful examination, and a perfect test by experiments, in order to arrive at a satisfactory solution of the subject, the committee respectfully request the Society to refer the matter to a select committee of grape growers, with a request that such committee would, in the course of the present season, make all the experiments necessary to the ascertainment of the facts involved in the subject.
The committee think the subject an important one, and hope that the reference will be made, and that such committee will report the result of their inquires and tests to the Society at as early a period as may be practicable.
The following gentlemen were appointed said committee: Dr. Rhefus, Dr. Warder, and R. Buchanan.
The following should have been received with the very fine pears exhibited last Saturday without a name; it is from Thorp, Smith, Hanchett, & Co., whose contributions are most cordially welcome:
"Syracuse, August 27, 1858.
"We yesterday directed to the Cincinnati Horticultural Society a small box with two specimens of the Hosenschenck pear. They were pulled green and packed away in buckwheat chaff, and have imbibed a musty taste from the chaff. The fruit is large; flesh exceedingly juicy, melting, and refreshing, as good as any Virgalieu we have tasted for five years, and equaling the Onondaga in every respect When fully matured, they are of a rich, golden yellow, with a beautiful red cheek on the sunny side. They are certainly the best summer pear in America. Ripens from the tenth to the last of August We can give you a full history if desired. The trees have been so full this season that the fruit is below size".
The Secretary presented a schedule of premiums offered at the Annual Exhibition of the Kentucky Horticultural Society, to be held in Louisville on the 28th and 29th of September, 1858. On motion, all that can go may be appointed by the President delegates to this and other exhibitions.
The following invitations were read, and, on motion, adopted, and the thanks of the Society ordered to be presented by the Corresponding Secretary :
"New Haven, August 20, 1858.
"To the Cincinnati Horticultural Society - Gentlemen: - At a stated meeting, the Board of Directors instructed the Secretary to invite your Society to visit, by delegation, the Annual Fair of the New Haven Horticultural Society, to be held at the State House, in New Haven, on the 28th and 29th of September next Very respectfully, Geo. Gabriel, Secretary"
John P. Foote, Robert W. Burnet, and George Graham, were appointed delegates.
"The Butler County Agricultural Society, through John M. Millikan, extend a cordial invitation to the Cincinnati Horticultural Society to attend their third Annual Fair, at Hamilton, Ohio, on the 15th and 17th proximo; and appoint John A. Warder and George Graham on the fruit committee; Wm. Heaver, with S. S. Jackson on the flower committee; and Peter Melendy on poultry. Gov. Corwin is to deliver the address".
"To the Cincinnati Horticultural Society: - Our brother Foote, the great advocate for the superior quality of the White Scuppernong grape of North Carolina, I am pleased to say, has now an opportunity to prove its superiority as a table grape. The question of its wine qualities I yield, by admitting that it would be a greater miracle than the Rochester blockings if it is not superior as a wine grape to its table qualities. You last season saw the famous Connecticut Charter Oak grape, for which some of our brothers paid from three to five dollars per root You will readily admit that if thickness of skin and hardness of pulp are desirable qualities, the Scuppernong is superior to the Charter Oak Fox grape. The leaves came with the grapes, and to prove them genuine I send you fresh leaves of the Scuppernong in my garden, sent me from Carolins. I send you with them one of my Fox grapes (Minor's Seedling), that the great superiority of the Scnppernong may be stated. I send you a bunch of the Marion grape, Lee grape, and blue black Chillicothe Seedling, that you may state their relative qualities as table grapes.
Also the Union Village grape, to test its size, thinness of skin, softness of pulp, and its abundance of juice, in comparison with Mr. Resor's extra sized Black Hamburghs, raised under glass. I also send a bunch of the Arabia Seedling grape, sent me by express by Mr. James M. Hannah, of Salem, N. J. I send a bunch of the Isabella grape, to test the quality of the Marion, the Lee, and the blue-black Chillicothe Seedling with it; as they all bear a resemblance to it They are all, in my opinion, superior. If the Marion retains its qualities of the last two years as a table grape, I shall deem it worth a million of dollars, if as hardy east as the Isabella. It is a much better bearer than the latter, ripens uniformly, the bunch and berry larger, and I deem it of far superior quality for the table. I do not send the Express grape, as it is not ripe. The others would have improved on the vine for two weeks." Respectfully, N. LONGWORTH.
"September 10, 1853.
On motion, adjourned. J. C. JEFFERIEs Secretary.