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Turning Lathes | by James Lukin



A Guide To Turning, Screw-Cutting, Metal-Spinning, Ornamental Turning, Etc. For Technical Schools And Apprentices

TitleTurning Lathes
AuthorJames Lukin
PublisherL. Upcott Gill
Year1890
Copyright1890, L. Upcott Gill
AmazonTurning Lathes: A Guide to Turning, Screw Cutting, Metal Spinning and Ornamental Turning

With 194 Illustrations.

Edited by James Lukin, B.A.

Third Edition.

TURNING LATHES

Turning Lathes: A Manual For Technical Schools And Apprentices.

-Preface To Third Edition
TWO Editions of Turning Lathes having quickly been sold, we have no apology to make for introducing this, the Third Edition, which will be of four thousand volumes. The Press, both English and Ameri...
-Chapter I. Description Of The Lathe
THE novice who has never examined a Lathe, but, having seen others using it, thinks he should also like to try his hand at the work, naturally wants to know its construction. He hears of chucks, and m...
-Description Of The Lathe. Continued
No. 13 is a four-jawed chuck, of which each jaw is independent of the others, so that work can be held eccentrically when desired. It is an excellent chuck, holding very firmly; it is, in fact, an eng...
-Chapter II. The Turning Tools
FOR wood-turning, which is probably what a novice will, and certainly ought to, commence with, the gouge and chisel are the special tools, and are almost the only ones to be met with in the workshop o...
-The Turning Tools. Part 2
PLATE III. - TURNING WITH GOUGE AND CHISEL. The Chisel is the plane of the wood-turner, and, rightly managed, will leave a surface so smooth that a touch of glass-paper would spoil it; but it needs...
-The Turning Tools. Part 3
PLATE IV. - TOOL HANDLES AND PILASTERS. It may readily be seen that it will be impossible to get a flat bottom with a sharply-defined angle in this way with the gouge; and, therefore, when such is ...
-The Turning Tools. Part 4
In order to insure the perpendicularity of the rebate of the box, an instrument is used called a turner's square, but it is easy to cut a rectangular notch in a bit of card or tin, and to test with th...
-The Turning Tools. Part 5
It would probably not be supposed that a simple cylinder without any mouldings is far more difficult to turn than such a piece as a baluster or pillaret, but so it is. Nevertheless, a wood-turner, ski...
-Chapter III. Turning Boxwood And Foreign Hard Wood
THE tools used for the above work differ considerably from those used for soft wood, which they will not, in fact, cut so as to produce a good surface. The gouge and chisel are, however, still used, a...
-Turning Boxwood And Foreign Hard Wood. Part 2
With the harder and more costly woods, the highest perfection of workmanship should always be aimed at, and this mainly consists of sharply defined curves and cleanly cut surfaces, bold and neatly cut...
-Turning Boxwood And Foreign Hard Wood. Part 3
The great difficulty will be found with the coarse pitches: the finer, from 16 to 24, are easier than from 8 to 16 - the traverse of the latter is necessarily so much faster and more difficult to hit ...
-Turning Boxwood And Foreign Hard Wood. Part 4
To cause the traverse a very simple expedient was used. A block of soft but close-grained wood, seen at F, was pressed by a wedge against the selected thread, and the pin or catch in the back collar w...
-Chapter IV. Metal-Turning With Hand Tools
THE principle of the cutting action of all tools is the same. They are thin wedges, which force apart the substance of the material upon which they are engaged; they must, consequently, be harder than...
-Metal-Turning With Hand Tools. Continued
As regards speed for metal-turning, it may be briefly stated here that cast iron needs a very slow speed, and this is best obtained by back gear, which is very useful also for boring metal. But wrough...
-Chapter V. Slide-Rest Work In Metal
IT will be as well to commence this chapter with a description of one or two Lathes more specially suited for metal-work than those already illustrated, which are chiefly for beginners, and for work o...
-Slide-Rest Work In Metal. Part 2
Fig. 11. - Solid Forged Tools. To make still more clear the principles which guide the action of slide-rest tools, we must recollect that a shaving has to be detached in two directions - viz., from...
-Slide-Rest Work In Metal. Part 3
Fig. 17. - Principle of Loose Cutters. Passing by, for the present, other bars which are made to hold round, square, or oblong section steel, we may go at once to one called, from the name of its inv...
-Slide-Rest Work In Metal. Part 4
One precaution has always to be taken, in order to produce two edges equally sharp, and that is, to keep the front line formed by the two faces, and which will be upwards when grinding the last face, ...
-Chapter VI. The Self-Acting Lathe
IT will always be found difficult to turn the handle of the slide-rest so evenly that the work shall be left uniformly smooth and true. If the tool rests too long on one spot a deeper cut is the resul...
-The Self-Acting Lathe. Part 2
The tools required are the same as those already described, and either the solid ones can be used, or the cutter bar; but when once set into cut, nothing is needed but to work the treadle, when the to...
-The Self-Acting Lathe. Part 3
PLATE XIII. - MINIATURE SCREW-CUTTING LATHE. Plainly, it is not difficult, so long as we can get the proper proportion out of wheels in the same plane, to get any even number of threads to the inch...
-Chapter VII. Chuck-Making
IT will now be as well to fulfil a promise made in one of the earlier pages of this work, by describing the proper method of making a chuck in wood and in metal, because this is a task almost necessar...
-Chapter VIII. Turning Articles Of Square Section
IT would at first sight be deemed impossible to turn articles in an ordinary lathe of any other form than cylindrical, although, by means of rocking headstocks, actuated by rosettes, or cams, or speci...
-Chapter IX. Screw-Cutting By Self-Acting Lathe
WITH many amateurs it is a source of much perplexity how to manipulate the change wheels and leading screw of a screw-cutting lathe, in order to produce a screw of any desired thread, or pitch. It ...
-Screw-Cutting By Self-Acting Lathe. Part 2
Rule 2. - Proceed according to Rule 1, setting forth the ratio of screw to be cut to leading screw in simple fractional form; then assume any two other equal wheels, for second driver and driven, also...
-Screw-Cutting By Self-Acting Lathe. Part 3
The greatest care is necessary to set the tool exactly at right angles to the axis of the work, in order that the thread shall be upright, not sloping like saw teeth, or when the screw and nut are cut...
-Chapter X. Uses Of The Overhead
ABOOK on the Lathe would hardly be complete without an explanation of that attachment briefly called The Overhead. There are many forms of this, but that shown on the miniature screw-cutting lathe (...
-Chapter XI. On Choosing A Lathe
THE selection of a lathe is not a difficult task, if certain things are granted. Let the necessary outlay be of no importance, and let the purchaser know what he wants, and he may obtain his desire wi...
-Chapter XII. Grinding And Setting Tools
IN no mechanical trade can good work be done by badly sharpened tools. Keenness of edge is necessary, and also something more, namely, a correct form of edge. To the turner this is essential; yet it i...
-Chapter XIII. On Metal-Spinning
THE art of metal-spinning is the most interesting sub-ject that an amateur or novice can practise, and on which very little has, up to the present, been written to guide, or, at least, to be of any pr...
-Chapter XIV. The Ornamental Drill And Eccentric Cutter
ALTHOUGH we have already disclaimed all intention of treating fully on ornamental turning, which would need many costly illustrations, and a vast extension of the size of this book, the two instrument...
-The Ornamental Drill And Eccentric Cutter. Part 2
The actual work of drilling is carried out as follows: We will suppose it desired to arrange a row of beads round a box cover, and on the face of the same: the manipulation will, however, be the same ...
-The Ornamental Drill And Eccentric Cutter. Part 3
The Eccentric Cutter. This instrument - of which an illustration is annexed (Fig. 27) - enables a turner to do much of the preceding work; but, in addition, he has the means of carving out many forms...
-Chapter XV. The Greatorex Patent Milling Machine
FIX the apparatus on the lathe bed at a convenient distance from the headstock of the lathe, the cutter being already in its place; there must, of course, be a suitable chuck to hold the work. It is c...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks
Published By L. Upcott Gill, I70, Strand, London, W.C ANGLER, BOOK OF THE ALL-ROUND. A Comprehensive Treatise on Angling in both Fresh and Salt Water. In Four Divisions, as named below. By John Bicke...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks. Part 2
Butterflies, both upper and under sides, from drawings by the Author or direct from Nature. By W. J. Lucas, B.A. Price 3s. 6d., by post 3s. 9d. BUTTERFLY AND MOTH COLLECTING: Where to Search, and Wha...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks. Part 3
Dogs Used in Field Sports. Containing Particulars of the following among other Breeds: Greyhound, Irish Wolfhound, Bloodhound, Foxhound, Harrier, Basset, Dachshund, Pointer, Setters, Spaniels, and Ret...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks. Part 4
GOAT-KEEPING FOR AMATEURS : Being the Practical Manage-ment of Goats for Milking Purposes. Abridged from The Book of the Goat. Illustrated. In paper, price Is., by post Is. 2d. GRAPE GROWING FOR A...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks. Part 5
ORCHIDS : Their Culture and Management, with Descriptions of all the Kinds in General Cultivation. Illustrated by Coloured Plates and Engravings. By W. Watson, Assistant-Curator, Royal Botanic Gardens...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks. Part 6
RABBITS, DISEASES OF: Their Causes, Symptoms, and Cure. With a Chapter on The Diseases op Cavies. Reprinted from The Book of the Rabbit and The Guinea Pig for Food, Fur, and Fancy. In paper, pri...
-Catalogue Of Practical Handbooks. Part 7
SLEIGHT OP HAND. A Practical Manual of Legerdemain for Amateurs and Others. New Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Profusely Illustrated. By E. Sachs. In cloth gilt, price 6s. 6d., by post 6s. 10d. SNAKE...







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previous page: Wood Turning | by George Alexander Ross
  
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next page: A Course In Wood Turning | by Archie S. Milton, Otto K. Milton