Queen (Goth. queins, quens, a woman, a wife; Icelandic, kvan; A. S. cwźn, wife, queen; Gr. γυνή, a woman), the wife of a king, or a woman who is the sovereign of a kingdom. In the former capacity she is regarded in most countries as a person of dignity only inferior to that of her husband, and possesses all the privileges enjoyed by a feme sole. Thus in England she can receive grants from or make them to her husband, can purchase or convey land without his concurrence, can sue and be sued alone, and dispose of her property by will. She has a separate household and separate courts and officers, is exempted from paying tolls and amercements, and has other extraordinary privileges; and to compass or imagine her death, or to violate or defile her person, even with her consent, is treason. If accused of treason herself, she is tried by the peers of parliament. She is also entitled to be crowned with full regal solemnities. In other respects she is on a footing of equality with the subjects of her husband, in accordance with the maxim of the Roman law: Augusta legibus soluta non est. As a sovereign princess, a signification not originally comprehended in the term queen, she possesses all the attributes of a king; and her husband, if she is married, is her subject.
In France, where by the Salic law a female could not succeed to the throne, the mother of a sovereign sometimes exercised royal authority during the minority of her son, in which case she was called the queen regent. The queen dowager is the widow of a king, and as such enjoys most of the privileges accorded to her during the lifetime of her husband. In England she does not lose her rank, although she marry with a commoner; but no one can contract a marriage with her without a special license from the sovereign. When the queen dowager is mother of the sovereign, she is commonly called the queen mother.
Queens, a S. E. county of New York, in the W. part of Long Island, bordered N. by Long Island sound and S. by the Atlantic ocean; area, 410 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 73,803. Its surface is somewhat hilly; much of the soil is fertile, and nearly all is highly cultivated. The shores are much indented by bays and inlets, and on the S. beach are many small islands. It is intersected by the Long Island and several other railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 83,258 bushels of wheat, 58,576 of rye, 535,796 of Indian corn, 164,599 of oats, 7,063 of barley, 24,685 of buckwheat, 49,145 of peas and beans, 734,549 of potatoes, 48,325 tons of hay, 11,254 lbs. of wool, and 362,250 of butter. There were 7,733 horses, 8,627 milch cows, 569 working oxen, 2,294 other cattle, 3,838 sheep, and 8,229 swine; 4 manufactories of brick, 28 of carriages and wagons, 7 of cordage and twine, two of explosives and fire-works, 1 of fertilizers, 1 of India-rubber and elastic goods, 3 of liquors, 4 of machinery, 8 of brick and stone, 4 of oil, 5 of paper, 11 of saddlery and harness, 4 of sash, doors, and blinds, 2 of starch, 3 of stone and earthen ware, 14 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron, 4 flour mills, 5 lumber mills, and 4 ship yards.
The court house is in the town of North Hempstead, about a mile from Mineola station on the Long Island railroad. The county clerk's office is in the village of Jamaica. A new court house is in course of erection in Long Island City.
Canada A S. Central County Of New Brunswick, intersected by the St. John river; area, 1,480 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 13,847, of whom 5,469 were of Irish, 4,842 of English, 2,142 of Scotch, and 918 of Dutch origin or descent. Around Grand lake considerable quantities of bituminous coal are mined. The county is traversed by the European and North American railway. Capital, Gagetown.
Canada A S. W. County Of Nova Scotia, bordering on the Atlantic ocean; area, 1,065 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 10,554, of whom 5,270 were of English, 2,245 of German, 1,150 of Scotch, and 1,110 of Irish origin or descent. The coast is deeply indented, and bordered by a rugged ridge extending many miles inland. The interior is beautifully diversified with valleys, rivers, and lakes. The soil along the streams is fertile. Capital, Liverpool.
Canada; Area The Central County Of Prince Edward Island, 771 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 42,651. It is traversed by the Prince Edward Island railway. The surface is diversified and the soil fertile. Capital, Charlottetown, which is also the capital of the province.
Queen's, a S. E. county of Ireland, in the province of Leinster; area, 664 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 77,071. The Slieve-Bloom mountains divide it from King's county. The principal rivers are the Barrow and its tributary the Nore. Lough Annagh, on the N. boundary, the only lake of any importance, is not more than a mile long. Iron and copper ore and potter's clay are found; and anthracite coal mines are worked. Excepting in the centre of the county, where there are extensive bogs, the soil is generally fertile. The principal towns are Mountmellick, Mountrath, and Maryborough.