Caviare, a kind of food prepared from the roes of large fish, especially the sturgeon. It is chiefly made in Russia, which country monopolizes this branch of commerce. From Astrakhan alone 30,000 bbls. have been exported in a single year. The process of manufacturing consists in thoroughly cleaning the roe from its membranes. Salt is then well mixed in, and the liquor pressed out. It is then dried and packed for sale. The best kind, that which is most thoroughly freed from the membrane, does not easily become fetid, and is packed in kegs; the inferior kind is made into small thin cakes. It is much used during seasons of fast in Italy, Russia, Greece, and Turkey, being eaten on bread with oil and vinegar or lemon.


Cavite. I. A province of Luzon, Philippine islands, situated on the S. E. side of the bay of Manila; area, 489 sq. m.; pop. about 57,-000. II. A town of the province, the naval depot of and the strongest place in the Spanish possessions in the East, 7 m. S. W. of Manila; pop. about 3,000. It is built on the E. extremity of a low bifurcated peninsula stretching about 3 in. into the sea, having between its extremities the outer harbor, while the inner harbor is S. of the town. Neither has more than four fathoms of water, though large ships moor near the inner harbor. The houses are two stories high, built chiefly of wood, the windows being furnished with semi-transparent shell instead of glass. It has two churches, three convents, an arsenal, magazine, and ship yard, and enjoys a considerable trade, but has declined of late years. During half the year it is the port of Manila.

Cawdor, Or Calder

Cawdor, Or Calder, a parish of Scotland, mostly in the county of Nairn, with a small section in Inverness; area, 4 sq. m. It contains Cawdor castle, built in the loth century, in which tradition asserts that King Duncan was murdered by Macbeth, thane of Cawdor, as narrated by Shakespeare. The murder, however, took place in the 11th century. Lord Lovat lay long concealed in this castle after the rebellion of 1745.


Caxamarca. See Cajamarca.


Caxatambo. See Cajatambo.


Caxias, an inland town of Brazil, on the navigable river Itapicurd, in the province and about 300 m. S. S.E. of Maranhao, and 1,230 m. N. of Rio de Janeiro. It is a large town, the centre of an important trade with the interior in cotton, rice, and cattle, which last are raised in large numbers in the surrounding country.

Caycos, Or The Keys Caicos

Caycos, Or The Keys Caicos, four of the Bahama islands, called Great, Little, and North Keys, and Providence island. Some islets and rocks are generally included with them under the name of Caicos. The Great Key is 30 m. long. They,are under the government of Jamaica.

Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne Pepper. See Capsicum.

Caylus, Or Cajlux

Caylus, Or Cajlux, a town of France, department of Tarn-et-Garonne, on the river Bon-nette, an affluent of the Aveyron, 26 m. N. E. of Montauban; pop. in 1866, 4,950. It has an active trade in agricultural products, and contains the ruins of a fortified castle.