Isaac Johnson

Isaac Johnson, one of the original colonizers of Massachusetts, born in Clipsham, Rutlandshire, England, died in Boston, Sept. 30, 1630. He arrived at Salem with his wife, June 12, 1630, and was one of the four persons who founded the first church at Charlestown in the following month. The water there, however, being bad, Mr. Johnson and some others removed to Shawmut, now Boston, where was " an excellent spring." He superintended the first settlement of Boston, and bequeathed at his death considerable property to the colony. - His wife, Arbella or Arabella, daughter of Thomas, 14th earl of Lincoln, accompanied him to New England, and died in Salem in the August subsequent to her arrival. She was usually styled the "Lady Arbella," and was highly esteemed by Winthrop, who changed the name of his ship, and called it after her.

Isaac Leeser

Isaac Leeser, an American rabbi, born in Neukirch, Westphalia, Dec. 12, 1806, died in Philadelphia, Feb. 1, 1868. In 1825 he emigrated to the United States, where for a short time he devoted himself to commerce. In 1829 he became rabbi of the principal synagogue of Philadelphia, and acquired reputation by his contributions to literature, referring principally to Jewish history and theology. For several years he edited "The Jewish Advocate " (or " Occident"), a journal devoted to the interests of his creed. Among his works are: " The Jews and the Mosaic Law " (1833); "Discourses, Argumentative and Devotional" (1836-'40); "Portuguese Form of Prayers" (1837); a "Descriptive Geography of Palestine;" and a translation of the Hebrew " Holy Scriptures " according to Jewish authorities (1856). He also published an edition of the Hebrew Bible (1866).

Isaac Pitman

Isaac Pitman, the inventor of phonography, born in Trowbridge, England, Jan. 4, 1813. He completed his education at the normal British school in London, and was successively principal of various schools. In 1837 he published "Stenographic Sound Hand," subsequently devoted himself to phonetic writing, founded the phonetic society in 1843, and established a printing office at Bath called the "Phonetic Institute," publishing the weekly " Phonetic Journal." He has printed several shorthand manuals, issued the Bible and many other works in phonetic type, and written "Phonography, or Writing of Sound" (1840), " Phonographic Reporter's Companion" (1853), and other works, (See Phonography).

Isaac Ray

Isaac Ray, an American physician, born in Beverly, Mass., in January, 1807. He graduated at the Harvard medical school, and began the practice of medicine in Portland, Me., in 1827. In 1829 he removed to Eastport, Me., in 1841 was appointed superintendent of the state insane hospital at Augusta, and in 1845 superintendent of the Butler hospital for the insane at Providence, R. I., which office he filled till 1866. He subsequently removed to Philadelphia. He has published "Conversations on Animal Economy" (Portland, 1829); "Medical Jurisprudence of Insanity" (Boston, 1838; 5th ed., enlarged, 1872); "Education in relation to the Health of the Brain" (1851); and "Mental Hygiene" (1863).