Leonidas, king of Sparta, son of King An-axandrides, and the 17th of the family of the Agides, killed at the battle of Thermopylae, 480 B. 0. He married Gorgo, daughter of his half brother Cleomenes, whom he succeeded as king in 491. When Athens and Sparta resolved to resist the invasion of Xerxes, Leoni-das led the Spartan forces, and gained immortal glory, lighting and falling heroically with his chosen band. (See Thermopylae.)
Leopold Avenbrugger. See Auenbruggek.
Leopold Joseph Maria Daun, count, generalissimo of the imperial troops in the seven years' war, born in Vienna, Sept. 25, 1705, died Feb. 5, 1766. He took a distinguished part in the war against the Turks, 1737-'9, and in the Silesian wars, 1740-'42 and 1744-'5. In the seven years' war he defeated Frederick the Great in the battles of Kolin (1757) and Hoch-kirch (1758), and captured in Saxony Frederick's general Fink, with 11,000 Prussians (1759). Laudon lost the battle of Liegnitz in 1760, because Daun failed to relieve him; and Daun lost the battle of Torgau, the same year, after having won it in the daytime, by Zie-then's cavalry attack at night, and was himself wounded. At the close of the war in 1763 he retired to private life.
Leosthenes, an Athenian general, who commanded the confederate Greek forces in the Lamian war, 323 B. C. He probably acquired his high military reputation as a leader of mercenaries in the Persian service. He collected and led back to Greece those Hellenio soldiers who had been warring against the Macedonians, and had been disbanded by command of Alexander. On the death of that conqueror, the Athenians resolved to make one bold effort to recover their freedom and expel the Macedonians from Greece, and Leosthenes was appointed to conduct the war. Having worsted the Boeotians, who adhered to the foreigner, Leosthenes defeated Antipater and the Macedonians near Thermopylae, and compelled them to seek refuge in the town of Lamia; but while pressing the siege of this place he received a wound in the head, and died.
See Gab Fish.
Lero (anc. Leros), a small island of the Grecian archipelago, belonging to the Sporades, lying off the W. coast of Asia Minor, about 30 m. S. of Samos; length about 9 m., average breadth 4 m.; pop. about 3,000. The surface is rocky and mountainous, but the soil is fertile in parts, producing fruits, wheat, maize, etc. The island is famous for its honey. The principal place is a town of the same name on the E. coast, and there is a commodious harbor, called Partheni, on the N. side. It is the seat of a Greek bishop, and has a castle and considerable trade. The earliest inhabitants of the island were a colony of Milesians. Strabo describes the Lerians as dishonest. They had a celebrated temple of Diana.