Nicholas Hilliard, an English miniature painter, born in Exeter in 1547, died in 1619. He was by profession a jeweller; but having a taste for painting, he studied the works of Holbein, and became noted for his miniatures. He painted Mary, queen of Scots, Elizabeth several times, James L, and other eminent persons.
Nicholas Luckner, a marshal of France, born at Kampen, Bavaria, in 1722, guillotined in Paris, Jan. 5, 1794. He was of a noble but poor family, and at an early age entered the Prussian service, in which he fought through the seven years' war with distinction. He commanded a corps of light infantry at the battle of Rossbach. In 1763 he became a lieutenant general in the French army, but for many years saw no active service. He favored the revolution, was made a marshal in December, 1791, and in February, 1792, received command of the army of the north. He defended the frontier against the Austri-ans, and captured Courtrai and Menin, but soon evacuated them. In July he obtained the chief command of the three armies in the field, and on Aug. 19 fought a battle with the Austrians near Valenciennes. Soon after he fell under suspicion, was accused of conspiring with the enemy, and attempted to defend himself from the charge, but was arrested and speedily tried and condemned.
Nicholas Rowe, an English dramatist, born at Little Barford, Bedfordshire, about 1673, died Dec. 6, 1718. He was educated at Westminster, and studied law. When 25 years old he composed a successful tragedy called " The Ambitious Stepmother." In 1702 appeared his tragedy of "Tamerlane." In 1703 he brought out " The Fair Penitent," founded upon "The Fatal Dowry" of Massinger, and in 1706 the comedy of "The Biter," which failed. Afterward he produced the tragedies "Ulysses," "The Royal Convert," "Jane Shore," and "Lady Jane Grey," and translated the Pharsalia of Lucan. In 1709 he published an edition of Shakespeare (7 vols. 8vo), with the first biography of the poet. In the reign of Queen Anne Rowe was under secretary of state for a short time. On the accession of George I. he was created laureate. He was buried in Westminster abbey.
Nicholas Saunderson, an English mathematician, born at Thurleston, Yorkshire, in 1682, died April 19, 1739. Before he was a year old he lost his sight by the smallpox. He became acquainted with Greek and Latin while young, and was instructed by his father in the rudiments of mathematics, afterward received instruction in algebra and geometry, and attended an academy near Sheffield. In 1707 he established himself as a teacher of mathematics and optics at Cambridge, and in 1711 was appointed on the recommendation of Sir Isaac Newton Lucasian professor of mathematics in Christ's college. He wrote "Elements of Algebra" (2 vols. 4to, 1740), and "The Method of Fluxions," including a commentary on some parts of Newton's Principia (8vo, 1756). He invented a method of performing arithmetical operations by touch.