Niaernais, an ancient province of France, now comprised in the department of Nievre. It was situated near the centre of the kingdom, and surrounded by Burgundy, Bourbonnais, Berry, and Orleanais. Its ancient inhabitants were the Aedui and Sequani, and it was afterward subject to the Franks. In the 9th century it became a county, and some of the counts of Nevers bore the title of dukes of Nivernais. The capital was Nevers.
See Nice, in Bithynia.
Nicaise De Keyser, a Belgian painter, born in Sandvliet, province of Antwerp, in 1813. He is the son of a peasant, and was enabled by the generosity of a lady who recognized his talents to pursue his studies at the academy in Antwerp. His first picture was a " Christ on the Cross," painted in 1834, for a Roman Catholic church in Manchester, England. His works consist chiefly of battle pieces and historical subjects.
Nicander, a Greek poet of the middle of the 2d century B. C. He was a native of Cla-ros in Ionia, and succeeded his father as priest in the temple of Apollo. Of his voluminous works only two poetical treatises are extant, one on venomous animals, the other on poisons and their antidotes. The earliest edition is that of Venice (1499); the best that of J. G. Schneider (vol. i., Halle, 1792; vol. ii., Leipsic, 1816).
See Brazil Wood.
Nicasio Alvarez De Cienfuegos, a Spanish poet and dramatist, born in Madrid, Dec. 14, 1764, died at Orthez, France, in July, 1809. He was educated at Salamanca, and in 1798 published a volume of miscellaneous poems, He also wrote pieces for the stage, successful in their day, but now neglected, including Pitaco, Idomeneo, La condesa de Castilla, and Zoraida. He became the editor of the government gazette in 1708; and on the occupation of Madrid by the French in 1808 he so offended Murat that he was condemned to death for trying to incite an insurrection. The sentence was commuted to banishment to France, but he survived only a few days after reaching the place of his imprisonment.
Nicholas Brady, an English divine, born at Bandon, Ireland, Oct. 28, 1659, died at Richmond, near London, May 20, 1726. He was partly educated at Oxford, and partly at Trinity college, Dublin. In the revolution he sided with King William, who made him one of his chaplains. In 1726, just before his death, he published a poetical translation of Virgil's AEneid, now unknown; also a tragedy, and numerous sermons. His reputation mainly rests on a metrical version, in conjunction with Nahum Tate, of the Psalms of David.
Nicholas Hawrsmoor, an English architect, born in 1666, died in 1736. He was a pupil of Sir Christopher Wren, after whose death he was surveyor of Westminster abbey, and designed many of the edifices erected in pursuance of the statute of Queen Anne for building 50 new churches. He is also said to have been associated with Sir John Vanbrugh in building Castle Howard and Blenheim.