Swain, a S. W. county of North Carolina, separated from Tennessee on the north by the Great Smoky mountains; area, about 500 sq. m. It has been formed since the census of 1870 from Jackson co. The surface is generally elevated and mountainous; the soil is good and the county well adapted to stock raising. Capital, Charleston.

Swan River

See Western Australia.

Sweet Brier

See Eglantine.

Sweet Gum

See Liquidambar.

Sweet William

See Pink.


Sweetwater, a central county of Wyoming, extending across the territory from Montana on the north to Colorado and Utah on the south; area, about 35,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,916. It is crossed by the Wind River and Rocky mountains, and is watered in the north by the Big Horn river and its head streams, and in the south by the Sweetwater and Green rivers. It contains deposits of coal and gold. The S. part is crossed by the Union Pacific railroad. In 1870 there were 3 saw mills and 4 quartz mills. Capital, South Pass City.

Swen Nilsson

Swen Nilsson, a Swedish naturalist, born near Landskrona, March 8, 1787. He took his doctor's degree at Lund in 1811, and became professor of zoology and president of the zoological museum, of which he was the principal founder. From 1828 to 1831 he directed a similar institution in Stockholm, and subsequently resumed his functions at Lund until 1859, when he returned to Stockholm. His principal works are: Omithologia Suecica (2 vols., Copenhagen, 1817 - '21); Skandinavisk Fauna (10 vols., 1820-'53); and Skandinamslca nordens urinvdnare, or "The Primitive Inhabitants of Northern Scandinavia" (4 vols., 1838-'43), his most renowned publication, consisting of the " Stone Age " (2d ed., 1866), and the " Bronze Age " (2d ed., 18G2-6).


See Hog.

Switzerland Wallis

See Valais.


Sycamore, a name properly belonging to a species of fig (ficus sycomorus), the συκόμος of the Greeks, and the plant so called in the Scriptures. The tree is common in Egypt; its light and durable wood was formerly used for mummy cases, and it is now planted as a shade tree and for its fruit. In the sacred dramas in the middle ages, the true sycamore not being at hand, the large maple was used to represent the tree into which Zacchrcus climbed, and that in which the Virgin hid with the infant Jesus to avoid the fury of Herod. From this use the name sycamore was transferred to the maple (acer pseudoplatanus). (See Maple.) In the United States the plane or button wood tree is frequently called sycamore, as the leaves resemble in shape those of the sycamore maple.


See Asswan.


See Granite.


See Sulla.

Sylvester Judd

Sylvester Judd, an American author, born in Westhampton, Mass., July 23, 1813, died in Augusta, Me., Jan. 20, 1853. He graduated at Yale college in 1836, subsequently embraced the Unitarian creed, studied theology at Cambridge, and was ordained pastor of the East parish in Augusta, Me., in 1840. In 1843 he began the work on which his literary reputation chiefly rests, " Margaret, a Tale of the Real and Ideal," etc. (12mo, Boston, 1845), which has been illustrated by a series of outline drawings by Darley (New York, 1856). In 1850 he published "Philo, an Evangeliad," a didactic poem in blank verse, and in the same year "Richard Edney," a romance. An old Indian tradition suggested to him a dramatic poem in five acts, "The White Hills, an American Tragedy." A volume entitled "The Church, in a Series of Discourses," was published posthumously in 1854; and his "Life," by Mrs. Arethusa Hall, appeared in the same year.