Tyche

See Fortuna.

Tycho Brahe

See BraHe.

Tycoon, Or Skogun

See Japan, vol. ix., pp. 542, 543.

Tympanum

See Ear.

Tyne

Tyne, a river of Northumberland, England, formed by the junction of the North and South Tyne, the former of which rises in the Cheviot hills, on the border between England and Scotland, and the latter in the E. part of Cumberland. These two streams unite near Hexham in the S. part of Northumberland, and the Tyne thence has a course of 35 m., generally E., to the North sea. It is navigable by vessels of 300 or 400 tons as far as Newcastleupon-Tyne. Its principal affluent is the Derwont. The Tyne is the great outlet of the seaborne coal trade, and once possessed valuable salmon fisheries.

Tynemocth

Tynemocth, a town of Northumberland, England, on a promontory at the mouth of the Tyne, and adjoining North Shields, 8 m. N. E. of Newcastle; pop. in 1871, 38,941. It has a fine harbor in the form of a basin enclosed by rocky walls, and in the season is much resorted to for sea bathing. It has many handsome houses, and extensive rope manufactories, and holds four cattle fairs annually. There is a chalybeate spring; and in the vicinity are traces of a Roman fort, and the ruins of Tynemouth priory, founded in 625 and repeatedly rebuilt.

Type-Setting Machine

See Printing.

Typhoid Fever

See Fevees, vol. vii., p. 167.

Typhon

Typhon, in Greek mythology, the personification of volcanic phenomena and violent winds. The common account made Typhon the son of Tartarus and Gaea, destined to revenge the defeat of the Titans by the Olympian gods. According to Pindar, his head reached to the stars, his eyes darted fire, his hands extended from the east to the west, terrible serpents were twined about the middle of his body, and 100 snakes took the place of fingers on his hands. Between him and the gods there was a dreadful war. Jupiter finally killed him with a flash of lightning, and buried him under Mt. Aetna. - For Typhon (or Set) in Egyptian mythology, see Demonology, vol. v., p. 794, and Osieis.

Typhoon

See Huebicane.

Typhus

See Fevees, vol. vii., p. 166.

Tyrone

Tyrone, a N. county of Ireland, in the province of Ulster, bordering on Lough Neagh, which separates it from Antrim, and the counties of Armagh, Monaghan, Fermanagh, Donegal, and Londonderry; area, 1,260 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 215,668. The chief towns are Strabane, Dungannon, and Omagh, the capital. The surface is greatly diversified, and has many fertile plains and valleys. The only considerable rivers are the Foyle and Blackwater.

Coal is found, but turf is the usual fuel. The Londonderry and Enniskillen railway passes through Tyrone near Strabane.

Tyrrell

Tyrrell, an E. county of North Carolina, bordering on Albemarle sound, and bounded E. by Alligator river; area, about 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,173, of whom 1,302 were Colored. The surface is level and the soil sandy. A large portion of the county is covered with swamps and heavy forests of pine, cypress, and red cedar; and shingles, staves, tar, and turpentine are extensively exported. The chief productions in 1870 were 105,308 bushels of Indian corn, 22,544 of sweet potatoes, 507 bales of cotton, and 17,894 lbs. of rice. There were 306 horses, 2,478 cattle, 1,539 sheep, and 4,664 swine. Capital, Columbia.