Waldoborofoh

Waldoborofoh, a town and port of entry of Lincoln co., Maine, at the head of tide on Medomac river, 15 m. from the sea, and on the Knox and Lincoln railroad, about 50 m. N. E. of Portland; pop. in 1870, 4,174. Within the town limits are eight islands of considerable size, besides several smaller ones. The foreign commerce is small, but the coasting trade is considerable. A large amount of shipping is owned. Ship building is the chief industry. The town contains an iron foundery, a carding and fulling establishment, a carriage factory, two manufactories of brick, one of earthenware, two national banks, a weekly newspaper, a library, and six churches (Baptist, Congregational, and Methodist, two each). The town was first settled by German immigrants to the number of 1,500, the first of whom arrived in 1748, through the efforts of Samuel Waldo, who had obtained from George II. a grant of land of great extent called the Waldo Patent. It was incorporated in 1773.

Walhalla, Or Valhalla

See Mythology, vol. xii., p. 120, and Ratisbon.

Wall Paper

See Paper Hangings.

Waller

Waller, a S. E. county of Texas, formed since the census of 1870; area, about 350 sq. in. It is bounded W. by the Brazos river. The surface is level or slightly undulating, and the soil is productive. It is traversed by the. Houston and Texas Central railroad. Capital, Hempstead.

Wallette

Wallette, the JST. W. county of Dakota, bordering on British America and Montana, not included in the census of 1870; area, about 3,350 sq. m. It is bounded S. by the Missouri river and drained by several small affluents of that stream. The surface is rolling, and is mostly occupied by the Plateau du Coteau du Missouri.

Walloons (Flemish Waelen)

Walloons (Flemish Waelen), a Romance population, over 2,000,000 in number, living in Belgium, chiefly in the region extending between Liége, Mons, and Arlon, and in adjoining parts of France. They are of mixed Gallic and Teutonic blood, the former largely predominating. Their language is an old dialect of the French, although among the upper classes French itself is generally spoken. Of recent attempts to extend the literary use of this patois, the most valuable are those of Auguste Hock, who has published in Walloon French four volumes of miscellaneous writings (Paris, 1872-5). See also the unfinished work of Grandgagnage, Dictionnaire etymologique de la langue wallone (Liege, 1845). - The Walloon church is that branch of the French Reformed church which was expelled from the Catholic Netherlands at the time of the rise of the Dutch republic. Its members settled chiefly in Holland, or emigrated to America, forming several congregations in New Netherland (New York).

Walpurgis Night (Ger. Walpurgisnacht)

Walpurgis Night (Ger. Walpurgisnacht) in Germany, the night before the first of May, or the vigil of St. Walpurgis (spelled also Walpurga or Walburga), a sister of Sts. Willibald and Wunnibald, missionaries from England to the Germans, who died in 776 or 778. The day of her canonization, being the first of May, was celebrated at first as one of general rejoicing; but with the growth of the belief in evil spirits and witchcraft arose the superstition that on the Walpurgis night, which was also the vigil of St. Philip and St. James, the witches and wizards held their annual convocations, the most numerous and important being that on the Brocken, in the Hartz mountains; and it was an old custom, still preserved in some places, to burn straw on this anniversary for the purpose of counteracting the malign influence of these gatherings.