Walsall, a municipal and parliamentary borough of Staffordshire, England, 7 m. N. W. of Birmingham, and 110 m. N. W. of London; pop. in 1871, 46,447. It is built on a ridge above a stream of the same name, which joins the Thames below the town. It communicates with all parts by the London and Northwestern and the South Staffordshire railways. There are several fine churches, a public library, and one semi-weekly and two weekly newspapers. Saddlery and hardware of all kinds are the principal manufactures, and in the vicinity are extensive lime kilns, iron mines, and coal pits. Walsall is a place of considerable antiquity, but most of the present town is modern.
Walter Balfour, an American clergyman, born in the parish of St. Ninians, Stirlingshire, Scotland, about 1776, died in Charlestown, Mass., Jan. 3, 1852. He was educated for the ministry of the church of Scotland, and after preaching a few years emigrated to America. He was still in the faith of the Scottish kirk, but at the age of 30 became a Baptist. A few years later some circumstances, among which he always reckoned the letters of Prof. Stnart of Andover to the Rev. W. E. Channing, written in 1819, led him to think of the doctrines of Universalism, and finally to embrace them. In 1823 he avowed his opinions, and was from that time a laborious writer and preacher in support of the doctrines he then espoused.
Walter Harte, an English author, born about 1700, died in Bath in 1774. He was educated at Oxford, took orders, and, after establishing a reputation as a preacher, became vice principal of St. Mary's hall, Oxford. He travelled some years on the continent as tutor to the son of Lord Chesterfield, and was afterward appointed canon of Windsor. He early formed an intimacy with Pope, whose style he imitated. In 1727 he published a volume of " Poems on several Occasions;" in 1730 an "Essay on Satire," in 1735 on "Reason," and in 1704 on "Husbandry." His principal work is the "History of the Life of Gustavus Adolphus" (2 vols. 4to, London, 1759; 2 vols. 8vo, corrected and improved, 1703; new ed., 1807), which was translated into German, with notes, by J. G. Bohme. He left unfinished in manuscript a "History of the Thirty Years' War."
Walther Von Der Vogelweide ("Walter Of The Bird Meadow ") a German minnesinger, born in Franconia or Austria between 1165 and 1170, died in Wurzburg about 1228. He was of a noble but not wealthy family, and learned the art of poetry under Reinmar. He found his first patron at Vienna in Duke Frederick, and about 1187 began to compose poems. After the death of the duke in 1198, he led for many years a wandering life, attaching himself to a number of princes in succession. Toward the close of his life he received from the emperor Frederick II. a valuable fief near Wurzburg. His early verses were chiefly love songs, but in later years he treated of the crusades and the civil commotions in Germany. Editions of his poems have been published by Lachmann (1827; 4th ed., 1864), Wackernagel and Rieger (1862), and Pfeiffer (1864). Horing has furnished a Glossarium to his poems (1844), and his life has been written by Uhland (1822) and Menzel (1865).