Francis Lister Hawks, an American clergyman, born in New Berne, N. C, June 10,1798, died in New York, Sept. 26, 1866. He graduated at the university of North Carolina in 1815, studied law and practised with great success for several years, and was elected to the legislature. He resolved however to enter the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal church, and was ordained in 1827. He officiated for a time as assistant minister in New Haven, and in St. James's church, Philadelphia, and in 1830 was chosen professor of divinity in Washington (now Trinity) college, Hartford. In 1831 he became rector of St. Stephen's church, New York, and at the close of the year of St. Thomas's church in the same city, where he officiated till 1843. Having been appointed by the general convention of 1835 historiographer of the American Episcopal church, he went to England, and obtained numerous important papers relating to the early history of Episcopacy in America. In 1837 he founded, with Dr. 0. S. Henry, the " New York Review," of which he was for some time editor and a principal contributor. In 1839 he founded St. Thomas's hall, at Flushing, L. L, a school specially for the sons of the clergy, but through its failure became heavily involved in debt.
In 1843 he removed to Mississippi, of which diocese he was elected bishop the same year. His consecration was opposed in the general convention of 1844, on account of charges connected with his financial embarrassments. His character was fully vindicated, and a vote of acquittal was passed, but he refused to accept the bishopric. At the end of 1844 he became rector of Christ church, New Orleans, where he remained five years, being meanwhile elected first president of the university of Louisiana. In 1849 he became rector of Calvary church, New York, his pecuniary embarrassments and those of the church having been relieved by a large subscription. In 1852 he was elected bishop of Rhode Island, but declined. At the outbreak of the civil war Dr. Hawks, whose sympathies were strongly with the south, resigned his charge, and in 1862 became rector of Christ church, Baltimore. In 1865, however, he returned to Now York, where the chapel of the Holy Saviour was begun for him; and his last public act was the laying of the corner stone in September, 1866. He was the author of "Reports of Cases adjudged in the Supreme Court of North Carolina, 1820-26" (4 vols. 8vo, Raleigh, 1823-'8); "Digest of all the Cases decided and reported in North Carolina;" " Contributions to the Ecclesiastical History of the United States" (2 vols. 8vo, embracing Virginia and Maryland, New York, 1836-'41); "Commentary on the Constitution and Canons of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States" (8vo, 1841); "Egypt and its Monuments" (8vo, 1849); and "Auricular Confession in the Protestant Episcopal Church " (12mo, 1850). Dr. Hawks translated Rivero and Tschudi's "Antiquities of Peru" (1854), and edited "The Official and other State Papers of the late Maj. Gen. Alexander Hamilton" (8vo, 1842); "Narrative of Commodore Perry's Expedition to the China Seas and Japan in 1852-'4" (8vo and 4to, 1856), compiled from Perry's original notes and journal; the "Romance of Biography" (12 vols.); Appleton's "Cyclopaedia of Biography" (1856); and " History of North Carolina" (1857).