I. Cesar Henri Abraham

Cesar Henri Abraham, a Swiss theologian, born in Geneva, July 8, 1787, died there, May 8, 1864. His ancestors, who were noble and Protestant, tied on account of persecution from Merindol in southern France to Switzerland in the 17th century. At an early age he became a minister of the state church and a regent in the college of Geneva. Afterward, through the influence of Dr. Mason of New York and Robert Haldane of Scotland, from a Socinian he became a Trinitarian, and received much sympathy from English and Scotch Christians. He often visited England. He published "The Church of Rome" (translated into English, New York, 1844); "Stories for Children" (1852); and "Pictures from Switzerland " (1854). The American tract society and the publishing department of the Dutch Reformed church have printed many of his tracts. His most important work is his volume of hymns, entitled Chants de Sion (1826; enlarged ed., 1841), of which he composed loth the words and the music.

II. Solomon Caesar

Solomon Caesar, an English clergyman, son of the preceding, born in Geneva in 1812. After completing his education at Geneva he went to Oxford, where he graduated. He was appointed classical professor in Bishop's college, Calcutta, in 1838, but from impaired health returned in a few years to England, and afterward resided some time in Arabia. He became vicar of Broad Windsor, Dorsetshire, in 1845, and prebendary of Sarum in 1871. He is said to be able to use in conversation familiarly upward of 20 languages, and to translate upward of 100. Among other works, he has published "Three Months in the Holy Land" (1843); "A Plain Exposition of the Apostles' Creed" (1847); "A Catalogue of the Eggs of British Birds," and "A Systematic list of British Birds" (1848); "Magdala and Bethany," and "The Coast of Tyre and Sidon" (1857); "On Ritualism" (1867); "Life, Labors, etc, of Cwsar Malan" (1809); "Our Lord's Miracles and Parables" (1871); and numerous translations.