I. James

James, an English composer, born at Stanwell, Middlesex, in 1715, died in 1783. He was educated as a chorister at King's chapel, London, under Bernard Gates and Dr. Pepusch. In 1731 he was appointed organist of York cathedral, in 1756 organist and composer to George II., and in 1757 master of the choristers in the chapel royal. The last named office he resigned in 1780. He composed several anthems and services for the royal chapel, and published " Twenty Anthems in Score," which is still in constant use in the cathedrals of England and Ireland. He also published " The Royal Pastoral, a Dramatic Ode," and "A Collection of Catches, Canons, and Glees."

II. Robert

Robert, an English author, son of the preceding, born in 1753, died in 1829. He was educated at Oxford, took orders in 1778, and became rector of Sharnford, Leicestershire, and preacher at Lincoln's Inn. Subsequently he was assistant librarian at the British museum, became archdeacon of Stafford, and held other preferments, He published " Elements of Orthoėpy" (1781); "A Connected and Chronological View of the Prophecies relating to the Christian Church" (1805); "The Veracity of the Evangelists Demonstrated" (1815); and a " Glossary of Words, Phrases, etc, which have been thought to require illustration in the works of English authors " (4to, 1822; new ed., edited by J. O. Halliwell and T. Wright, 2 vols. 8vo, 1859). With Mr. Beloe he founded the "British Critic," which he edited for four years.

III. Edward

Edward, an English author, cousin of the preceding, born in London in 1762, died at Biddenden, Kent, Aug. 20, 1841. He was educated at Westminster school and at Christ-church college, Oxford, and became a fellow of Merton college in 1788. He took orders in 1792, married a daughter of the duke of Marlborough in 1797, and in 1798 became rector of Biddenden. He was appointed Bampton lecturer in 1805, and professor of modern history at Oxford in 1814. His works are: " On the Plurality of Worlds" (1802); "Evidences of Christianity" (Bampton lectures, 1805); " Remarks on the Version of the New Testament lately published by the Unitarians" (1810); "Thinks I to Myself," a novel (1811); "Discourses on the Three Creeds" (1819); "Elements of General History," a continuation of Tytler's work (1822); "Heraldic Anomalies" (2 vols., 1824); and "Memoirs of the Life and Administration of William Cecil, Lord Burgh-ley" (3 vols., 1828-'31).