Halle (Hal-leh), a city of Prussian Saxony, on the right bank of the Saale and on several small islands of the river, 20 miles by rail NW. of Leipzig. As an important railway centre, Halle has of late years rapidly increased in size, industry, and prosperity. Its university was founded in 1694 by Frederick I. ; suppressed by Napoleon in 1806 and in 1813, it was re-established in 1815, and with it was incorporated the university of Wittenberg. At first a chief seat of the pietistic school of theology, Halle subsequently became the headquarters of the rationalistic and critical schools. It has over 1500 students, and 140 professors and lecturers. The Francke schools (1695) rank amongst the most important establishments of the place. Noteworthy are St Mary's Church (1529-54); the Gothic church of St Maurice (12th c), with fine wood-carvings and sculptures; the red tower, 276 feet high, in the market-place ; the town-hall; the remains of the Moritzburg (1484), the ancient residence of the archbishops of Magdeburg ; a deaconesses' home; the university library (220,000 vols.); and an archaeological and other museums. Salt is obtained from brine-springs within and near the town, which have been worked from before the 7th century. Other industries are machine-making, sugar-refining, printing, brewing, the manufacture of mineral oil, and fruit cultivation. Halle is the birthplace of Handel. Pop. (1871) 52,639; (1880) 71,484 ; (1900) 156,609.