Holy Island, or Lindisfarne, a small island of Northumberland, 9 1/2 miles SE. of Berwick-on-Tweed. It is 3 miles long by I 3/4 broad, and has an area of 2457 acres, and a pop. of 700. At low-water it can be reached by walking across the sands, a distance of 3 1/2 miles ; at high-water the strait covered by the sea is 1 1/2 mile wide. The village is guarded by the castle, built about 1500, and still in good repair. The island is chiefly interesting for its ruined Benedictine priory church. This was built in 1093 out of the materials of the ancient cathedral, founded here in 636 by Bishop Aidan. Here a company of Columban monks established themselves, and grew into the famous priory of Lindisfarne, the Iona of England. It reached its greatest glory under St Cuthbert. The cathedral suffered severely from the Danes, and gradually fell into ruins as Durham grew into importance. In August 1887 three thousand barefooted pilgrims crossed the sands to Lindisfarne. See works by G. Johnston (1853) and F. R. Wilson (1870). Holy Land. See Palestine. Holy Loch, an inlet (2 1/2 miles by 1) of the Firth of Clyde, near Dunoon.