This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Hovey's Seedling, While Alpine and a few others were shown, the former taking the premium.
Some four or five kinds of Rusael Apples were pre-tilled by Hon. J. Turrill, and J. W. Judstm, Esq., in sound condition, and of good flavor.
The only Pears at maturity were the A mire Joannel. by Mr. Worden. Thomas, in his Fruit Cuituri*t. says or it very truly, "the earliest pear known - which comprise its merit." A brunch of the Beurre d'Anjou. from a tree two years old, literally loaded with fruit, exhibited by Mr. Fabnestock, of Syracuse, attests the early productiveness of that sort.
The next exhibition of this Society will be held on the 14th of Sept. next.
We trust the Horticultural Societies in the Union will not neglect some suitable testimonial to the memory of Mr. Downing, whose untimely end we have so suddenly ly been called to deplore. Here, where his teachings and experience in the department of Art to which he devoted himself, have conduced so much to rational enjoyment, his loss is deeply fell. There is a feeling of grief and sorrow, that a mind from which emanated so much that was really useful and beautiful, is gone, from among us.
Yours, etc. J. M. CASKY, Sec'y.
Southern or Plantation House.
Jenny's Seedling received 7 votes for placing it on the list for general cultivation; and Burr's New Pine, 15 votes. Willey did not receive the two-third vote, and did not go on this list.
The Congress adjourned to meet in two years at Boston. During its session appropriate re-resolutions were introduced and adopted .expressive of its loss by the death of A. J. Downing,and a Eulogy on his character, delivered on the evening of the 18th, by Marshall P. Wilder, which was eminently characterised with the ability, chastcness, and pathos, which this dis-tingushed gentleman has at his command.
Pomological Msetings at Utica. Interesting pomological meetings, consisting of a few of the most intelligent cultivators in attendance at the New York State Fair, were held on the evenings of the 7th and 8th of 9 mo , (Sept).
New Pine, and Burr's* New Pine, of high flavor and very fine. Early Virginia, Hovey's Seedling, and Jenny's Seedling, the most profitable and best for general cultivation near Bust on.
Boston Pine, Hovey's Seedling:,
Jenney's Seedling, Large Early leaflet
A refinement in strawberry culture may be practised with advantage where expense is no object, a, a bed of young strawberry plants with the tiles placed around them, b shows the end of a bed, with the tiles placed down without the plants, c shows the end of a bed with the fruit and foliage upon the tiles. It would be injurious to the plants to place these tiles around the plants early in the season, as they would deprive them of rain during the growing season; but, just as the blossom is appearing, it is an advantage, as the fruit would lie dry and clean on the upper surface. These tiles are so constructed, on flangelike edges, as to give a good circulation of air below.
Fork over, or otherwise cultivate between the rows, previously spreading on a dressing of superphosphate of lime. The stirring will be a necessary operation from the consolidation of the soil by the long-continued covering of snow. Prepare for new plantations by trenching eighteen inches deep, incorporating plenty of manure. Fine fruit cannot be produced unless the soil is deep, rich, and free of stagnated water in the subsoil. The roots must be allowed to descend, in order that sufficient nutriment may be available at the ripening season. The reverse of this produces those small, flavorless fruits which unfortunately are the rule, instead of, as might be, the exception.
In planting, it must be borne in mind that a due portion of staminate plants are indispensable to success. Upon the whole, it is a question whether any variety can excel Hovey's seedling for general purposes. The Cushing, Boston Pine, and Buist's Prize are considered good staminate sorts.
There has been a rather warm discussion, in the Cincinnati Horticultural Society, as to the merits of McAvoy's Superior, and Hovey's Seedling Strawberries, with the majority and minority reports of a committee appointed on the subject. The discussion and reports occupy nearly two columns of small print in the Daily Inquirer. The following appears to be the conclusion arrived at by the Society: - Mr. Orange then moved that the whole subject be laid on the table.
At the request of Mr. Hatch, the motion made by Mr. Orange was withdrawn, when Mr. Hatch offered the following resolution: -
"Resolved, That the opinion heretofore entertained by this Society, as to the excellence of the strawberry known as McAvoy's Superior, remains unchanged, it having been fully tested as a garden fruit, and, in this vicinity, proved to be delicious and hardy. As a fruit for general field culture, and for market, the high price of plants has heretofore prevented its being tested".
The following amendment was then offered by Mr. Greene: -
"Hovey's Seedling, for field culture and market purposes, holding its position as superior to all others tested".
The question being then taken on the amendment offered by Mr. Greene, it was carried by the casting vote of the President. The resolution then, as amended, was carried by a large vote.
The Society then ordered the reports of the majority and the minority on the Strawberry question to be printed with the proceedings.
:Hoe between the rows, and cover with a mulching, either of straw, tan bark, or short grass; anything that will keep the fruit clean; a thorough watering will be of great use after the first flowers are set to fruit.
Plants for forcing early next spring should be secured, and potted early this month. Select young runners of the present year's growth, and place them singly into five-inch pots. Use a good, loamy soil; let it be rather dry when used, and press it firmly in the pots. If advantage can be taken of a shaded spot, they should be placed there for a week or so, until they commence growth; then they cannot have too much sun, but see that they are always well supplied with water. By slightly diminishing the foliage, they may he set out in the sun at once.
The Cincinnati Valley Farmer rejoices greatly over the strawberry business of this season, and says, in June: "Mr. Culbertson, alone, is now bringing daily into market one hundred bushels of strawberries".
The advertising sheet contains an important notice from Samuel Feast & Sons, of Baltimore, of their purchase from the executors of the late Dr. Edmondson, of his new strawberries, which are now for the first time offered to the public. They have obtained celebrity from the reports of the few who have seen and tasted them - the Marylandioa, especially. The Camellias also will attract attention from our numerous readers.
I have always regarded the distinction of the sexual character of the strawberry as being important in selecting plants for a successful bearing plantation. Wishing to plant, I went to the Cliffton Nurseries, near Cincinnati, and procured of one of the proprietors a small lot of plants, consisting of Mc Avoy's Superior, Burr's New Pine, and Large Early Scarlet. At another place I procured Hovey's Seedling. I also visited Mr. Longworth's garden, where I received some of Longworth's Prolific Now, there are five kinds, and how did they turn out f I planted them in separate rows. Hovey's Seedling and McAvoy's Superior, both bore pistillate flowers, as I expected. The row that was to be Large Early Scarlet, instead of bearing staminate, also bore pistillate flowers. The row of Burr's New Pine bore part pistillate and part staminate, and, the strangest of all, Long-worth's Prolific (hermaphrodite) bore all pistillate flowers. Now, we do not like to accuse nurserymen who profess to do business on correct principles of dishonesty or stupidity. But Mr. Longworth's own favorite Hermaphrodite - what shall we say f Has it changed sexual character, or is there a mistake in his own garden that his head gardener is not aware of.
Who can explain?
In forcing the strawberry under glass (there being no insects to carry the pollen from the staminate plants to the pistillate), it is a burdensome task to have to do it by hand; will the Hermaphrodite therefore fructify, having both organs perfect f If the editor will append a note of explanation, he will confer a favor on a subscriber and a tyro in horticulture.
C. Legg, M. D.
It is of considerable importance to regard the sexual differences of the strawberry. A pistillate strawberry plant will produce fruit occasionally when quite beyond the reach of pollen from the staminate, but, only so far as our observation goes, when the plants are in very favorable circumstances, and even then, are usually deformed, and inferior in size to properly fertilised specimens.
There is usually a considerable degree of constancy in the sexual character of the strawberry, but there is nothing improbable in the idea of its changing occasionally; no part of a flower is so liable to change its form as the stamen. A pistillate blossom is nothing more than a hermaphrodite, with the anthers abortive, which nature evidently intended should be fully developed if circumstances should so favor. As a rule, regard the sexes as constant, but be prepared to admit the exceptions.
(W. E.). The best American book on insects is, undoubtedly, Harris's - published in Boston. Fitch's Reports, published at Albany, are also valuable, and Westwood may be consulted with advantage. For the birds of America, Wilson and Nuttall. The prices you must ascertain from the booksellers. Wilson's great work may be procured in octavo, Audubon, we need scarcely name, as you must be familiar with its value.
(A Lady Subscriber, Virginia). Ferns will probably be your best plants for rock-work, provided it is shady and moist. The new vervain-leaved verbena, Imperatrice Elisabeth, is admirably adapted, as are the other kinds also. The beautiful little ivy-leaved antir-rhirum, called the Wandering Jew, will grow well, and be highly ornamental. Vines of many kinds should be mixed among the other plants, such as are known and accessible. The " Clover Hill Seedling Strawberry" is not cultivated yet for sale, that we have heard of.
"The Most Magnificient." - We scarcely can say, but, as we write, we are inclined to give the preference to the leaf and flowers of the Magnolia macrophylla (large-leafed Magnolia) as the most magnificent objects in the floral adornments of June. Specimens from this perfectly hardy tree are before us - the flowers literally as large as a bucket; the tree from which they were taken is twenty-five years old.