This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The easiest way undoubtedly to kill the Curculio is to spread a sheet on the ground, then jar the trees, and destroy the fallen fruit. The jarring must be done in the cool of the morning, while the Curculio is dormant and before the sun warms him up. A correspondent of The Ohio Farmer tried this plan on four choice trees that had been set fifteen years from which he never got a dozen perfect plums. "The first morning that I spread the sheet, as I had never seen the critter, I did not know what to look for. I picked up what I supposed to be a plum bud, but on giving it a slight pressure found it was alive. The first morning I caught one hundred and three; second, ninety; third, fifty-one; fourth thirty; fifth, eleven; and sixth, one".
A farmer once noticed that some elm trees, growing by the roadside, sent their roots into his wheat field, and robbed it of its best fertility. To obviate this, he dug a deep trench between the elms and his field, and all the roots running in the latter, were chopped through. However, in vain. The severed root* now struck downward on this side of the trench, reached the bottom, and undermining it, passed through the clay and came up on the other side of the loam, and thus regained for themselves their former domain, the wheat field. The farmer did not make a second attempt; the elm trees with their knowledge amazed him, and he resigned to them exclusively that strip of his field.
An apple tree in Blackstone, Mass., is attracting much local attention from the fact that two good sized apples, touching each other, have grown directly from the trunk, a few feet above the ground, and so close to the bark that it is difficult to distinguish any stem.
On Tuesday, June 27, there were found in New York, strawberries, black and red raspberries, blackberries, whortleberries, cherries, currants, peaches and ripe apples, all for sale side by side on the same market stand. When it is known that apples are four months later than strawberries, it is something of a curiosity to see extremes thus meet at this early date of the season. The strawberries came from Connecticut and the apples from South Carolina, while the other fruits were gathered from all quarters between.
The London Gardener's Chronicle, in a recent article on "pruning the grape," states that vines in vineries, pruned in September, while the leaves are on, will have the succeeding crop ripen fifteen to twenty days earlier than other vines pruned in November, all other circumstances being equal. "The experiment has been tried for years on vines that yielded a supply of fruit from June until January, and whether in the early or in the late houses the result is the same".
W. C. Flagg, Esq., one of the best horticulturists of the Western States, writes that, "It is a curious fact that out of forty-one varieties of apples approved in ten or more districts by the American Pomological Society in 1864, eleven were recommended by Coxe half a century ago. These are: Early Harvest, Large Yellow Bough, Summer Queen, American Summer Pearmain, Sumtiier Rose, Maiden's Blush, Rambo, Fall Pip-pin, Yellow Bellflower, Esopus, Spitzen-burg, and Newtown Pippin".