Rich Dark Red

Mix Indian red with a little black Japan.

Rich Dark Brown

Mix crimson lake and black Japan, varying the amount of each according to the depth required.

Chocolate Brown

Mix orange chrome with black Japan.

Leather Color

This is obtained in exactly the same way as chocolate brown excepting that rather more chrome is used.

Bottle Green

Mix together Prussian blue, Dutch pink and black Japan.

Invisible Green

Use the same mixture as for bottle green but use less Japan.

Light And Dark Reds

A series to which there is no end, may be obtained by mixing either vermilion or vermilionette with black Japan in varying proportions.

Neutral Green

This is produced by adding lemon chrome to a little black Japan.



This may be described as a dark maroon. It is made by mixing five parts of black, three of Indian red and one of Prussian blue. Less of the black will give a more pleasing shade.


This is a crimson which can be made by mixing three parts of vermilionette with one of Prussian blue.


This is a reddish purple, and may be made by mixing two parts of black, one of white, six of a bright red, and six of Prussian blue.


Mix middle chrome yellow with a little vermilion and add a very little lake.

Armenian Red

Mix one part of yellow ochre with two parts of Venetian red.


A dull pink shade, which can be produced as follows: Mix together one part of Indian red, two of orange chrome, a little lemon chrome, and two of blue, lightening up with white.

Bay. Mix together five parts of black, three of Venetian red, and a little orange chrome.


A dark red purple, which may be obtained by mixing six parts of lamp black, five of bright red, and four of Prussian blue.

Black Maroon

Take eight parts of black and mix them with one of a bright red and a little Prussian blue.

Blood Red

Any bright red tuned down with a little black will produce a shade sometimes called by this name.

Bordeaux Red

Take nine parts of black and mix with it two parts of orange chrome and one of Prussian blue.


Use two parts of French ochre to one part of Venetian red and one part of white lead, adding more ochre if required to lighten the color. This gives a good tint, sometimes called brick red, and is suitable for outside work.

Bright Scarlet

Mix twenty parts of vermilion, seven parts of pale chrome, and one part of golden ochre. A good vermilionette slightly toned down with yellow answers the same purpose.

Bronze Red

This is a red toned down with about a fourth part of black, a little bright yellow or orange being added.

Cambridge Red

Vermilion, to which is added about one twentieth part of Prussian blue, gives a color called Cambridge red.