Suggestions For Community Research

No. 1. Do you know of a pattern-maker's shop in your community? If you do, visit it and ask the pattern-maker to show you the kind of drawings from which he works. Ask him to tell you how his blue prints are made. How much per week can a pattern-maker earn in your community? Is the pattern-maker's trade as important now as years ago? Find out all you can about this trade and decide whether it would be a promising occupation for a boy to learn. Is it likely that machinery will entirely take the place of handwork in pattern-making?

No. 2. Is the force of the wind used to do any kind of work in your neighborhood? Why is this true?

No. 3. Does your school have an outdoor playground equipment ? Why ? What portion of an outdoor playground equipment, • which would be suitable for your school, could be made in the manual training shop?

No. 4. What measures are being taken in your home to dispose of house flies? Find out how the garbage and other waste matter about your home is disposed of. Do you think this is being done in the very best way to prevent the increase of flies? Discuss this question with your parents. Take home your fly trap and catch as many flies as possible. You would find it interesting to talk to your local physician about some of the causes and means of preventing typhoid fever.

No. 5. If possible, visit a dairy farm and get some one to tell you what improvements have been made in dairying in the past ten years. If you keep cows at your home, do you use the most modern methods of dairying? Why? Ask your parents for their opinions on these matters.

No. 6. Visit a harness shop and find out from the proprietor whether the demand for harness-makers is increasing or decreasing. How much per week does the average harness-maker earn? Would this be a good trade for a boy to learn? Why?

No. 7. How many different kinds of flowers, trees and shrubs (not counting garden vegetables) are you raising in your yard at home? What advantages are there in trimming shrubs and tying them neatly on well-made trellises ?

No. 8. Visit a sugar camp and learn all you can about making maple sugar. How many kinds of maple grow in your community ?

Review Questions And Problems

1. Why are dowels used in gluing together the edges of boards? How should the grain be turned in gluing together several narrow boards?

2. How may a piece of work be assembled without the use of nails, brads or screws?

3. How many feet of lumber in your drawing board? What would be the cost of this material at $60.00 per M.?

4. How much is the labor on your drawing board worth, counting the time which you have spent on it at 15 cents per hour? Figure any other project which you have made.

5. Make inquiry regarding any wind pump in your neighborhood and find out how many hours' work per week it saves the owner; at that rate how long will it take for the pump to pay for itself?

6. If the material for a book rack costs 15 cents, and you can sell it when completed for 65 cents, for how many hours' work would you be paid, counting your time worth 12i cents per hour?

7. Why should a bread or meat board be free from cracks and perfectly smooth on all of its surfaces? Name four or five kinds of wood which would be suitable for such a board. Name some kind of wood which you think would not be suitable for this purpose. Why?

8. What features must receive careful attention in making a T-square?

9. What effect does dampness have on wood? How can wood which is to be exposed to the weather be protected?

10. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of a three-legged milking stool? Of a one-legged stool?

11. How would you make a suitable finish on a kitchen stool?

12. What are battens, and why are they used?

13. What are some of the advantages of a flower trellis made of iron pipe and wire?

14. How can you tell a rip saw from a cross-cutting saw?

15. What are some of the advantages in keeping tools sharp?

16. How many tops for camp stools, as given in this section, can be cut from a square yard of canvas? What will be the cost of one stool top at the price charged at your local dry goods store ?

Review Questions And Problems (Concluded).

17. Why are the hanging holes in a bracket shelf bored exactly 16 inches apart?

18. When screws form a part of the decoration on a piece of work, what should be their position?

19. About how many average-sized ears of corn, as raised in your community, are required to make a bushel?

20. In buying material less than one inch thick, how is the thickness considered? If it is more than one inch thick?

21. What are the regular widths of screen wire carried by your local hardware store? Find out the price per yard.

22. How is small rope like that used in the child's swing lesson usually sold, by the yard, bundle or pound? About how many yards of such rope are required to make a pound?

23. How can you test to make sure that holes are being bored perpendicularly ?

24. How can you test to make sure that a number of holes are all being bored at the same angle?

25. What is meant by the "set" in a saw? Why is it necessary?

26. In sawing gains, on which side of the mark would you saw? Why?

27. In gauging the width of a piece of material, why should you gauge it on both surfaces?