Richmond, the name of counties in four of the United States.
The Southernmost County Of New York, comprising Staten island, Shooter's island at the entrance of Newark bay, and the islands in Staten Island sound; area, 58 1/2 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 33,029. The chief productions in 1870 were 35,083 bushels of Indian corn, 12,001 of oats, 34,863 of potatoes, and 7,610 tons of hay. There were 2 bleaching and dyeing establishments, 4 manufactories of brick, 7 of carriages and wagons, 1 of machinery, 1 of linseed oil, 1 of lead and zinc, 5 of sash, doors, and blinds, 4 ship yards, 2 flour mills, and 5 distilleries. Capital, Richmond. (See Staten Island.)
An E. County Of Virginia, bordered S. W. by the Rappahannock river; area, about 175 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,503, of whom 3,028 were colored. It has a nearly level surface and fertile soil. There are extensive forests of pine, and the waters abound with oysters. The chief productions in 1870 were 29,769 bushels of wheat, 121,680 of Indian corn, 9,781 of oats, 1,736 bales of cotton, and 1,913 lbs. of wool. There were 552 horses, 993 milch cows, 1,063 working oxen, 1,274 other cattle, 1,100 sheep, and 4,032 swine; 3 flour mills, and 2 saw mills. Capital, Warsaw.
A S. County Of North Carolina, bordering on South Carolina, and bounded N. E. by Lumber river and W. by the Yadkin; area, about 730 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,882, of whom 6,598 were colored. The surface is undulating and the soil productive. It is traversed by the Carolina Central railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,604 bushels of wheat, 131,855 of Indian corn, 21,350 of oats, 11,970 of peas and beans, 43,364 of sweet potatoes, and 5,130 bales of cotton. There were 871 horses, 768 mules and asses, 2,346 milch cows, 3,295 other cattle, 2,247 sheep, and 19,088 swine. Capital, Rockingham.
An E. County Of Georgia, separated from South Carolina by the Savannah river; area, about 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 25,724, of whom 12,565 were colored. It has an uneven surface, and the soil is fertile near the streams. It is intersected by several railroads terminating in Augusta. The chief-productions in 1870 were 3,610 bushels of wheat, 77,895 of Indian corn, 18,544 of sweet potatoes, 4,286 lbs. of rice, and 2,017 bales of cotton. There were 342 horses, 507 mules and asses, 739 milch cows, 1,334 other cattle, 378 sheep, and 3,718 swine; 2 manufactories of cotton goods, 4 of iron castings, 8 of machinery, 2 of marble and stone work, 2 of saddlery and harness, 1 of woollen goods, 5 flour mills, and 5 saw mills. Capital, Augusta.
Canada A S. County Of Quebec, drained by the St. Francis river, an affluent of the St. Lawrence; area, 525 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 11,213, of whom 3,718 were of French, 2,935 of English, 2,463 of Irish, and 1,872 of Scotch origin or descent. It is traversed by the Grand Trunk railway. Capital, Richmond East.
Canada A County Of Nova Scotia, occupying the S. portion of Cape Breton island, with Madame and. smaller islands adjacent; area, 623 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 14,268, of whom 6,965 were of French, 4,902 of Scotch, 1,437 of Irish, and 746 of English origin or descent. Capital, Arichat, on Madame island.