Berserkers (Norse, her, bare, and serkr, coat of mail), giants and warriors of Scandinavian mythology, and especially the descendants of Stoerkodder, a hero of immense size and great valor, who fought without coat of mail, and whose exploits have been celebrated in the sagas. The name Berserkers was also applied to Scandinavian warriors who were liable to fits of frenzy, arising from the use of intoxicating liquors or from an excited imagination. During these fits they performed extraordinary feats and attacked indiscriminately friends and foes.


Berthelsdorf, a village of Saxony, about m. from Herrnhut; pop. about 2,000. The central conference of the Moravians is held here in the castle formerly inhabited by Count Zinzendorf.


Berthier, a county of Canada, in the province of Quebec, bounded S. E. by the St. Lawrence, just above Lake St. Peter; area, about 1,900 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 19,804. It is about 10 m. wide, and runs in a N. W. direction to the undetermined northern frontier of the province, a distance that may be estimated at 190 m. It is drained by Maskinonge lake and river, Assumption river, and other streams and ponds. Chief town, Berthier, on the St. Lawrence, 46 m. N. N. E. of Montreal.

Berthold Seemann

Berthold Seemann, a German naturalist, born in Hanover, Feb. 28, 1825, died in Nicaragua, Oct. 10, 1871. In 1846 he was appointed naturalist to an English expedition around the world, which returned to London in 1851. He explored the Feejee islands in 1860, and purchased a gold and silver mine in Nicaragua. His principal works are: "Narrative of the Voyage of H. M. S. Herald, and three Cruises to the Arctic Regions in search of Sir John Franklin" (London, 1852; German, 2 vols., Hanover, 1853); "Botanical Researches" (London, 1852-'7); "Popular History of the Palms" (1856); "Viti, an Account of a Government Mission to the Vitian or Fijian Islands" (1862); and "Dottings of the Roadside" (1868).


Bertie, a county of North Carolina, at the western extremity of Albemarle sound, bounded E. by the Chowan and W. and S. by the Roanoke river, and drained by the Cashie; area, 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,950, of whom 7,437 were colored. The surface is flat and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 300,314 bushels of Indian corn, 54,999 of sweet potatoes, and 5,055 bales of cotton. There were 1,063' horses, 2,454 milch cows, 4,924 other cattle, 3,453 sheep, and 14,100 swine. Capital, Windsor.

Bertiiold Of Ratisbon

Bertiiold Of Ratisbon, a German preacher of the middle ages, born in that city about 1215, died there in 1272. He was a Franciscan friar, and preached for many years to immense outdoor congregations in Germany, Switzerland, and Hungary. The first complete edition of his original sermons, which were singularly eloquent, was published in 1862 by Franz Pfeiffer (2 vols., Vienna), and they have been translated into modern German by Gobel, with a preface by A. Stolz. According to La-band'a Beitrage zur Geschichte des Schwdben-tpiegels (Berlin, 1861), the sermons serve also to explain this compilation of Swabian laws.