Carnarvonshire, a county of Wales, forming the N. W. extremity of the mainland, bordering on Cardigan and Carnarvon bays and Menai strait; area, 579 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 95,694. A large part of the county is a peninsula which extends S. W. into the Irish sea. The Snowdon range of mountains occupies the centre of the county. Of this range Snowdon, 3,571 ft., is the highest point in Wales. Lakes are numerous, but the only river of importance is the Conway, which separates the county from Denbighshire. Not one fortieth of the county is arable land, but it is rich in minerals. The slate quarried here is one of the most important mineral productions of Great Britain; most of it is sent for shipment to Bangor. The suspension bridge built by Telford for the Great Ilolyhead railway, and the tubular bridge built by Stephenson for the Chester and Holyhead railway, span the river Conway and the Menai strait.
Carneia (Gr. kapvειa), a national festival of the Spartans, celebrated in honor of Apollo, and in the Spartan month Carneios (August). The festival lasted nine days, during which the Spartans were not allowed to enter upon a hostile campaign.
Caroige, a town of Switzerland, on the left bank of the river Arve, in the canton and 1 m. S. of Geneva, with which it is united by a bridge; pop. about 5,000. It contains a fine Roman Catholic and a Protestant church and a synagogue. Cotton, leather, and earthenware are manufactured here. Victor Amadeus III. of Sardinia founded the town in 1780, as a rival to Geneva. For a short time it was a resort of political refugees and a centre of the smuggling trade with France; but it declined in importance after the occupation of Geneva by French troops in 1708. It ceased to be under Sardinian rule in 1816, and was assigned to Switzerland. One of the favorite roads from Geneva to the summit of the neighboring Mont Salere is by way of Carouge.
Carolina Coronado De Perry, a Spanish poet and novelist, born at Almendralejo, Estremadura, in 1823. She first attracted notice by a poem called La palma. In 1843 she published at Madrid a collection of verses, and another in 1852, embracing a wider range of subjects. Among her prose works are Sigea, a novel founded on the adventures of Ca-moens, Jarilla, Paquita, and La luz del Tejo. About 1853 she married Horatio J. Perry, American secretary of legation at Madrid. One of her poems, El pajaro perdido, has been translated by William Cullen Bryant.
Caroline Chesebro', an American authoress, born in Canandaigua, N. Y., March 30, 1825, died at Piermont, Feb. 16,1873. Her first stories and sketches appeared in 1848. Her writings are remarkable for purity of diction and the effective use of simple materials. Among them are: "Dreamland by Daylight" (1851); "Isa, a Pilgrimage" (1852); "Children of Light" (1853); "The Little Cross-Bearers" (1854); " The Fisherman's Daughter" (1855);" The Beautiful Gate" (1855); "Victoria, or the World Overcome" (1856); " Amy Carr, or the Fortune-Teller" (1863); "Peter Carradine, or the Martindale Family" (1863); and "The Foe in the Household" (1871). She was for several years a teacher in the Packer collegiate institute, Brooklyn, and contributed regularly to various periodicals.