Fanny Persiani

Fanny Persiani, an Italian vocalist, born in Rome, Oct. 14, 1818, died in May, 1867. She was a daughter of the singer Tacchinardi and the wife of the composer Persiani. She first appeared at Leghorn, achieved a brilliant success in Eome in Lucia di Lammsrmoor, and was the principal soprano singer at the Italian opera in Paris from 1838 to 1850. The compass and flexibility of her voice were great, and besides Lucia she chiefly excelled in the Matri-monio segreto and Linda di Ghamouni.

Father Paul

See Saepi, Paolo.

Father Prout

See Mahony, Francis.

Feargus Edward Oconnor

Feargus Edward O'Connor, a British agitator, born at Dangan Castle, county Meath, Ireland, in 1796, died at Notting Hill, near London, Aug. 30, 1855. He was returned to parliament for the county of Cork in 1832, but on his reelection in 1835 he was unseated as disqualified. He then joined in the agitation for the rights of the lower classes, made many public addresses, edited the " Northern Star," and was regarded as the head of the chartist party, which returned him to parliament for Nottingham in 1847. On the failure of his efforts, he visited America, but became insane in 1852, and spent the rest of his life in an asylum.

Federigo Borromeo

Federigo Borromeo, count, cardinal, and archbishop of Milan, cousin of St. Charles, born at Milan in 1563 or 1564, died in 1631. He founded the Ambrosian library at Milan in 1609, and devoted to it most of his fortune. He sent Oligati to Germany, the Netherlands, and France, Ferrari to Spain, Salmaci to Greece, and Father Michael, a Maronite priest to Syria, to collect MSS. for it. He added to it a printing establishment, and founded academies, schools, and charitable institutions.

Federigo Ricci

Federigo Ricci, an Italian composer, born in Naples about 1809. He studied with his elder brother Luigi (who died in 1859) at the conservatory of Naples, and jointly with him composed Crispino e la comare. He has been director of the operas at Madrid, Lisbon, and St. Petersburg.

Fedor Dietz

Fedor Dietz, a German painter, born at Neuenstetten, Baden, in 1813, died near Dijon, in France, Dec. 18, 1870. He was president of the art academy at Carlsruhe, and was famous for his battle pieces. His most celebrated pictures are the "Death of Gustavus Adolphus and Pappenheim at Lutzen," the "Storming of Belgrade by Max Emanuel," and "Queen Eleo-nore of Sweden at the Grave of Gustavus Adolphus." The two last named are in the Munich athenaeum. He died while presiding over the German sanitary organization in France.

Felicien Cesar David

Felicien Cesar David, a French composer, born at Cadenet, in Vaucluse, April 3, 1810. He sang in the cathedral at Aix, and at the age of 20 entered the conservatory in Paris. Soon after he joined the St. Simonians, for whom he composed the music of the choruses sung in their establishment at Menilmontant, and with some of whom, on the dissolution of the sect, he travelled in Egypt and the East. He returned in 1835, and published Melodies orien-tales. His reputation rests mainly on the Desert, a choral symphony, published in 1844, which aims at giving impressions of the physical aspects of the East, and abounds in melodic and harmonic beauties. He has written a number of operas, among which are Moise sur le Sinai (1846), Christophe Colomb (1848), La perle du Bresil (comic opera, 1851), Herculanum (1859), and Lalla Roulch (comic opera, 1862). In 1869 he succeeded Berlioz as librarian of the conservatory and as member of the institute.