Gram River , one of the constituents of the Colorado of the West, rises in the Rocky moun-tains in Colorado territory, 5 or 6 m. W. of Long's peak, in about lat. 40° 17' N., Ion. 105° 43' W. It pursues a general S. W. course of about .350 m., and joins the Green in Utah territory. It bends S. just before entering Utah, and then N. as it crosses the boundary, resuming its general direction. The only important tributary from the north is Milk creek, which joins the main stream near its source. From the south it receives the Blue river (which, rising near the base of Mt. Lincoln, has by some been regarded as the true source of the Grand), Piney creek, Roaring fork, the Gunnison or South fork (the largest tributary), and the San Miguel and Dolores rivers, which unite and empty into the Grand just beyond the Utah border. It flows through a mountainous region, forming deep and precipitous canons.
Grammar ,.See Language.
Gramme , the French unit of weight, equal to 15.4325 grains troy, or very nearly 12/23 of a dram avoirdupois. It is the weight of a cubic centimetre of distilled water at the temperature of maximum density, 4° C, or 39.2° F.
The gramme is divided, according to the French system, into 10 decigrammes, 100 centigrammes, or 1,000 milligrammes. Its multiples by 10 are successively deca-, hecto-, kilo-, and myria-grammes. The weight of the kilogramme, or 1,000 grammes, is equal to 2.6793 lbs. troy, or 2.2046 lbs. avoirdupois. In rough estimates 50 kilogrammes are often conveniently taken as equivalent to 1 cwt., being only 1 3/4 lb. short of this, and 1,000 kilogrammes as 1 ton, the deficiency being only 35.4 lbs.
Grampians , a range of mountains traversing Scotland diagonally from S. W. to N. E. for 150 m., and forming the natural boundary between the highlands and the lowlands. Beginning in Argyleshire, on the W. coast, near the S. W. extremity of Loch Awe, they pass along the W. and N. boundaries of Perthshire, including the Ben Lomond hills in Stirlingshire to the south, and at Cairn Ealer divide into two branches, which pass to the sea respectively on the N. and S. sides of the river Dee. The term is not strictly limited in its application, but in its widest usage it includes all the highest mountains of Scotland. Several of its summits, as Ben Nevis, Ben Macdhui, Cairntoul, and Cairngorm, rise to a height of about 4,000 ft.
Gran Grane, Or Quade (Arabic, EI-kueit), a seaport town of Arabia, in the district of El-Hasa or Ahsa, on a bay of the same name, at the N. W. corner of the Persian gulf, 90 m. S. of Bassorah; lat. 29° 23' N., Ion. 47° 57' E.; pop. about 9,000. It is on a peninsula jutting into the bay, which is 60 m. in circuit, affords excellent anchorage for the largest vessels, and is well protected by the small island of Felej or Felitche. In the town there is a scarcity of water. Most of the houses are built of clay, but many wealthy merchants reside here. Trade is carried on with the Red sea and India.