Jean Pierre Abel Remusat

Jean Pierre Abel Remusat, a French orientalist, born in Paris, Sept. 5, 1788, died of cholera, June 4, 1832. While a laborious student of medicine he taught himself Chinese and several Tartar languages, of the latter making his own vocabulary. In 1811 he published two works, the results of his studies. In 1813, while he was in active practice as a surgeon, two more volumes appeared. In 1814, a chair of Chinese and Mantchoo having been founded in the collége de France, he was made professor. Rémusat's scientific studies aided his linguistic labors; but his Tableau complet des connaissances des Chinois en histoire naturelle was never finished. His chief works are: Plan d'un dictionnaire chinois (1814); Recherches sur les langues tartares, ou Mémoires sur différents points de la grammaire et de la littérature des Mantchoux, des Mongols, des Ouigours et des Thibétains (1820); and Éléments de la grammaire chinoise (1822).

Jean Pierre Clement

Jean Pierre Clement, a French historian and political economist, bora at Draguignan, June 2, 1809. He early acquired prominence as a free-trader and as a writer on political economy and history; and in 1855 he was elected to the academy of moral and political sciences. His works include Histoire de la vie et de l'administration de Colbert, precedee d'une notice his-torique sur Nicolas Fouquet (1840); Le gou-Tcrnement de Louis XIV. (1848); Jacques Coeur et Charles VII., on la France au XVe siecle (2 vols., 1853); Histoire du systeme protecteur en France depuis le ministere de Colbert jus-qu\l la revolution de 1848 (1854); editions of Reflexions sur la misericorde and of Lettres de la duchesse de La Valliere (2 vols., 1800); and Lettres, instructions et memoires de Colbert (8 vols., 1803-'72), published under the auspices of the government, and in 1872 crowned with a valuable prize by the academy.

Jean Pierre Dantan

Jean Pierre Dantan, a French sculptor, born in Paris, Dec. 28, 1800, died in Baden, Sept. 7, 1869. He studied in Paris, and then went to Italy, where he executed a bust of Pope Pius VIII. Upon his return to France he devoted himself to caricature, and acquired distinction by his humorous and grotesque busts of the leading celebrities of Paris and London.

Jean Pierre De Crousaz

Jean Pierre De Crousaz, a Swiss philosopher and mathematician, born in Lausanne in 1663, died in 1748 or 1750. He studied at Geneva, Leyden, and Paris, and was ordained pastor of a church at Lausanne. In 1699 he was appointed professor of Greek and philosophy in his native city; in 1724, professor of mathematics and philosophy in Groningen; and in 1737, professor of the same in Lausanne. Besides his sermons, he published many works on logic, education, and philosophy, and also on higher geometry.

Jean Pierre Marie Jazet

Jean Pierre Marie Jazet, a French engraver, born in Paris, July 31, 1788. Under the direction of his uncle Debucourt he became famous by aquatint engravings of some of the most celebrated works of Vernet, Gros, Dela-roche, and other eminent painters, and was still at work in 1864, though then in his 76th year. - His son Eugene, who excelled in the same art, met with a tragic end in 1856; and another son, Alexandre Jean Louis, executed a popular engraving of Trumbull's "Declaration of American Independence " (1861).