Morse

See Walrus.

Mortar

See Artillery, and CannoN.

Mortification

See Gangrene.

Morton

Morton, a central county of Dakota, bounded E. by the Missouri river, recently formed, and not included in the census of 1870; area, about 1,100 sq. m. It is intersected by the Heart and Cannon Ball rivers. The Northern Pacific railroad is to pass through it. The surfaco consists chiefly of undulating prairies.

Moschi

Moschi, an ancient people of Asia, S. of the Caucasus, whose territory at the time of Augustus was divided between Colchis, Iberia, and Armenia, and from whom a mountain range extending from the Caucasus to the Anti-Taurus received the name of Moschic mountains. Their name, in early classical writers, frequently appears coupled with that of the Tibareni, and the two tribes are generally identified with the Meshech and Tubal of Scripture. (See Japheth).

Mosciius

Mosciius, a Greek bucolic poet, of the 3d century B. C. He was a native of Syracuse, and a pupil or imitator of Bion. Four of his lost idyls and some small fragments of his poems are still extant, chiefly in the Doric dialect. They are usually joined with those of Bion and Theocritus. The best editions are those of Jacobs (Gotha, 1795), Wakefield (London, 1795), and Manso (Leipsic, 1807).

Moses

See Hebrews, vol. viii., p. 583.

Moselle

Moselle (Ger. Mosel; anc. Mosella) an affluent of the Rhine, which rises in France, in the S. E. corner of the department of Vosges and flows N. and N. W. to Toul, in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle (formerly Meurthe); thence its course is X. E. till it is joined by the Mourthe, when turning N it passes through the former department of Moselle (now German Lorraine), and for over 20 m. forms the boundary between Rhenish Prussia and Dutch Luxemburg. Then again turning N. E., it flows through Rhenish Prussia to Coblentz, where it falls into the Rhine. The Moselle is about 820 m. long, more than 100 m. of which is through Franc. Its chief tributaries are:on the right, the Meurthe, Seille, Saar; on the left, the Madon, Ornes, and Sure or Saner. The principal cities on its banks are Toul, Metz, Treves, and Coblentz. It is navigable for more than 200 m., or from its junction with the Meurthe to its mouth.

Moselle Wines

See Germany, Wines of, vol. vii., p. 775.

Moses Austin

Moses Austin, an American pioneer, born in Durham, Conn., died June 10, 1821. He led an adventurous life, engaged in lead-mining in Virginia and Missouri, and in 1820 went to Bexar, Texas, where he obtained from the Mexican authorities permission to colonize 300 families in some part of Texas. He died soon after, and the plan was carried out by his son. (See Austin, Stephen F).

Moslem

See Mussulman.

Mosquito

See Gnat.

Mosquito Coast

See Nicaragua.

Mostar

Mostar, a town of European Turkey, in the vilayet of Bosnia, capital of Herzegovina, on both sides of the river Narenta, 38 m. S. W. of Bosna-Serai, in lat. 43° 20' N., Ion. 17° 58' E.; pop. about 18,000. The buildings of the town are scattered over a plain through which the river runs, and the only noteworthy ones are the governor's palace and a few of the mosques, of which there are more than 30. there is also a Greek church, and the town is the residence of the Greek metropolitan of the district. There are two bazaars, and an extensive trade is carried on in agricultural products and silk. Mostar was founded about 1440, and named after the bridge crossing the Narenta at this point (Most Star, old bridge), which was probably built in the time of Trajan or Hadrian, and still connects the two portions of the town. It consists of a single Roman arch, 95 ft. in span and about 80 ft. above the stream in summer.