Nodiixite, a large, coin-shaped, foraminif-erous protozoan, living in immense numbers in the seas of the eocene tertiary epoch, and constituting strata sometimes several thousand feet thick. The so-called nummulitic limestone extends from the London, Paris, and Mediterranean basins eastward to China, and is made up almost entirely of these thin disk-shaped fossils. The pyramids of Egypt are built partly of this limestone, and the nummulites in them were noticed by Herodotus. These fossils are also abundant in the eocene of our southern states. (See Foraminifera).

Nuinmulites laevigatas.

Nuinmulites laevigatas.


Nograd, a county of N. W. Hungary, bordering on Zolyom, Gomor, Heves, Pesth, and Hont; area, 1,685 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 198,-269, consisting of Magyars, Slovaks, and Germans. The N. portion is mountainous and sterile, the S. very fertile. Sheep breeding, the lumber trade, and woollen manufactures are the chief industries. The principal rivers are the Eipel, a tributary of the Danube, and the Zagy-va, of the Theiss. Capital, Balassa-Gyarniath.


Nola, a city of Italy, in the province of Caserta, 15 m. E. N. E. of Naples, and 7 m. N. of Mt. Vesuvius; pop. about 12,000. It is one of the oldest cities of Campania, and in 327 B. C. sent 2,000 soldiers to the aid of Pakeopolis and Neapolis against the Romans, to whom it became subject in 313. Hannibal made three unsuccessful attacks on Nola. It has a museum of antiquities, and the sepulchres here have supplied Etruscan vases to the museums of Europe. The emperor Augustus and his general Marcus Agrippa both died in the town; and it was the birthplace of Giordano Bruno. St. Paulinus was bishop of Kola in the 5th century.


See Philosophy.

Nonius Marcellus

Nonius Marcellus, an early Latin grammarian, in regard to whose personal history there is no authentic information, but who is known as the author of Nonii Marcelli Peripatetici Tuberticensis de Compendiosa Doctrina per Litteras ad Filium, first published in Rome about 1470. The first critical editions appeared in 1565 and 1586. Mercier's Paris edition of 1614, with a new version of the text, was republished in Leipsic in 1826. In 1842 appeared a superior edition by Gerlaeh and Roth, and in 1872 the best of all by the French grammarian Louis Marie Quicherat.

Noon, Or Noon Cape Nun

Noon, Or Noon Cape Nun, a headland on the W. coast of Morocco, in lat. 28° 45' N., Ion. 11° 5'W. It extends into the sea at the S. W. extremity of the Atlas range, which has its N. E. termination in Cape dell' Acqua on the Mediterranean.

Nootka Sound

Nootka Sound, an inlet on the W. coast of Vancouver island, British North America, in lat. 49° 35' N., Ion. 126° 35' W. It extends 10 m. in a N. N. E. direction, and forms a number of smaller bays and coves. In the middle is a large wooded island, and the greatest breadth of water is not more than 500 yards. The shores are rocky, and the anchorage good. The sound was discovered by Capt. Cook in 1778, and in 1780 a British fur station was established there. In 1789 the Spanish captured two British vessels and took possession of the settlement; but in 1791 the British right to the sound and territory was recognized, and in April, 1792, Vancouver was sent there to receive the restitution.