William Bowyer, an English printer and scholar, born Dec. 19, 1699, died Nov. 18,1777. He studied at Cambridge, and became printer to the house of commons and various learned societies. He published several learned works, the most celebrated of which was a Greek edition of the New Testament, with critical and emendatory notes (2 vols., 1763; 2d ed., 1812). His memoirs are included in " Nichols's Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century" (9 vols., 1812-'15; continued as " Illustrations of Literary History," 1817-'48).
William Brewster, an elder of the Plymouth pilgrims, born at Scrooby, England, in 1560, died at Plymouth, Mass., April 16, 1644. He was educated at Cambridge, and entered the service of William Davison, ambassador in Holland, but presently retired to the north of England, where his attention was chiefly occupied by the interests of religion. He was one of the company who with Mr. Bradford attempted to escape to Holland, and were thrown into prison at Boston. Having obtained his liberty, he first assisted the poor of the society in their embarkation, and then followed them to Holland. Here he opened a school at Leyden for instruction in English, and also set up a printing press. He was chosen a ruling elder in the church at Leyden, and accompanied the emigrants to New England in 1620, where until 1629 the principal care of the church devolved upon him, though, as he was not an ordained minister, he could never be persuaded to administer the sacraments.
William Brockedon, an English artist and inventor, born in Devonshire, Oct. 13, 1787, died in London, Aug. 29, 1854. He was the discoverer of a method by which plumbago and its dust (previously thrown away as valueless) were freed from impurities and resolidified, so as to make a superior description of lead pencils. He was the author of the " Passes of the Alps," with over 100 folio engravings from drawings by himself. He also produced " Italy, Classical and Picturesque " (folio, 1842-'3), and "Egypt and Nubia" (3 vols, folio, 1846-'9).
William Broome, an English author, born in Cheshire in 1680, died in Bath, Nov. 16, 1745. In conjunction with Fenton he aided Pope in the translation of the Odyssey. He translated books 2, 6, 8, 11, 12, 16, 18, 23; Fenton, 1, 4, 19; the remaining 12 being by Pope. Broome also compiled the notes, and he received £500 for his whole work. He also published some indifferent poetry of his own.
William Browne, an English poet, born at Tavistock, Devonshire, in 1590, died about 1645. He was educated at Oxford, and was afterward tutor successively to the earls of Carnarvon and of Pembroke. His principal poetical works are entitled "Britannia's Pastorals" (1613-'16), and the Shepherd's Pipe" (1614). They contain some fine descriptive passages, and were admired by Selden and Ben Jonson.
William Buchan, a Scottish physician, born at Ancrum, Roxburgh, in 1729, died in London, Feb. 25, 1805. After practising for a short time in the north of England, where he distinguished himself by his successful treatment of the diseases of children, he removed to Edinburgh, where he took the degree of M. D. There, in 1770, he published his "Domestic Medicine," of which during his lifetime 19 large editions were published. It was translated into all modern languages, and obtained for the author a complimentary letter and gold medal from Catharine II. of Russia.