William Maskell, an English clergyman, born in Bath in 1814. He graduated at University college, Oxford, in 1836, took orders in 1837, and became rector of Corscombe, Dorset, in 1842, chaplain to the bishop of Exeter in 1846, and vicar of St. Mary's, Devon, in 1847. In 1849, the "Gorham" case " having been decided against Mr. Maskell's views, he resigned his preferments, and, after an animated correspondence with the archbishop of Canterbury, became a Roman Catholic. His principal works are: " Ancient Liturgy of the Church of England" (1844); Monumenta Ri-tunlia Ecclesim Anglicance (3 vols., 1840-7); "Dissertation on Holy Baptism" (1848); "Letter on the Temporal Power of the Pope and his Personal Infallibility" (1809); and "Odds and Ends" (stories, etc, 1872).
William Mason, an English poet, born in Hull in 1725, died in York in April, 1797. He was the son of a clergyman, graduated at the university of Cambridge in 1745, and became a fellow in 1747. Having taken orders, he became rector of Asten in Yorkshire, and chaplain to the king. He was opposed to the American war and a member of the Yorkshire association for obtaining a reform of parliament; but the horrors of the French revolution are said to have changed his opinions. He was for years precentor and resident canon of York. His principal works are: "Carac-tacus" (London, 1759), and "Elfrida" (1752), dramatic poems; "The English Garden," a descriptive poem (1785); and " Essays on English Church Music " (York, 1795). He was an intimate associate of Gray, and published an edition of his poems with a memoir. A complete edition of Mason's poems was published in York in 1771.
William Maxwell Wood, an American surgeon, born in Baltimore, Md., May 27, 1809. He graduated M. D. at the university of Maryland in 1829, entered the navy as an assistant surgeon, and was promoted to be surgeon in 1838. In 1844-'6 he was fleet surgeon of the Pacific squadron, and during the civil war of the North Atlantic squadron. In 1870 he was appointed chief of the bureau of medicine and surgery of the navy department, and in 1871 promoted to be surgeon general. He was retired in the autumn of 1872. He has published "Wandering Sketches of People and Things in South America, Polynesia, California, and other Places " (Philadelphia, 1849); " A Shoulder to the Wheel of Progress;" and "Fankwei, or the San Jacinto in the Seas of India, China, and Japan " (New York, 1859).
William May Wightman, an American clergyman, born in Charleston, S. C, in 1808. He graduated at the college of Charleston in 1827, and in 1828 was admitted into the South Carolina conference of the Methodist Episcopal church. In 1837 he became professor of English literature in Randolph Macon college, Va., but resigned at the close of the next year. He was editor of the Charleston "Southern Christian Advocate" from 1840 to 1854, when he became president of Wofford college. In 1859 he was elected chancellor of the Southern university, at Greensboro, Ala. In 1866 he was elected bishop of the M. E. church, South. He published in 1858 a life of Bishop Capers.