Felix Antoine Philippe Dupanloup, a French prelate, born at St. Felix, Savoy, Jan. 3, 1802. He was brought up in the house of his uncle, a country priest, and in his eighth year was placed at school in Paris. He was ordained priest in 1825, and attached for three years as catechist to the parish of the Assumption. In 1827 he was appointed confessor to the young duke of Bordeaux (now the count de Chambord), in 1828 catechist to the Orleans princes, and in 1830 chaplain to the dau-phiness, duchess d'Angouleme, daughter of Louis XVI. In 1834 he opened the course of conferences or dogmatic lectures in the cathedral. In 1837 he was appointed superior of the diocesan seminary, and also named vicar general of Paris. Under Archbishop Affre he resigned that office, and in 1849 was nominated to the see of Orleans. In this new career he gave full scope to his plans of Christian education. He opened a school in his own residence, in which he acted as professor, and endeavored in all the establishments under his control to raise the standard of instruction to the highest degree of excellence. At that period a great rivalry existed between the university lyceums or colleges and the schools unauthorized by government. Bishop Dupanloup's efforts and success met with no favor from the administration.
It was also at that time that the controversy about the classics arose, growing out of the publication of Abbe Gaume's Ver rongeur, in which the use of pagan authors in Christian schools was denounced. The Univers and its editor, Veuillot, advocated Gaume's views, and a large portion of the French bishops and clergy coincided in them. Bishop Dupanloup was supported by the remaining members of the episcopate. The pope, however, interfered and made peace between the parties. In 1848 Dupanloup was instrumental in having the first French expeditionary corps sent to the Papal States; and during the whole period of Napoleon's power he was the foremost defender of the temporal independence of the holy see. In 1863, in conjunction with eight other bishops, he issued an address to the French electors, which drew on him the censure of the minister of public worship. Bishop Dupanloup published in November, 1869, a pastoral letter, giving his own private opinion concerning the question of papal infallibility; and a public correspondence on the subject between him and Archbishop Manning excited much attention before the assembling of the council.
In Rome, like Archbishop Darboy, he maintained a firm but respectful opposition; and, like him, he was among the first to accept the decree of infallibility when it came. During the occupation of Orleans by the German troops in 1870 the bishop obtained a mitigation of many of the harsh measures of the military commanders. At the end of the war his people sent him as their representative to the national assembly. There he showed himself favorable to a constitutional monarchy under the reunited house of Bourbon, and advocated a perfect system of education for France, as well as the traditional right of his country to protect the holy see. His principal works are : Exposition des principales verites de la foi catholique (2 vols., 1832); Methode generate de catecliisme (2 vols., 1841); Elemens de rhetorique sacree (1841); L'Education (3 vols., 1855-'7); OEuvres choisies (4 vols., 1861); and Histoire de N. S. Jesus-Christ (1872).