Canada I. A S. Central County Of New Brunswick, drained by the St. John river; area, 1,408 sq. m.; pop. in 1871,24,593, of whom 10,841 were of Irish, 8,279 of English, 2,705 of Scotch, and 1,136 of German descent. It is traversed by the European and North American and the Intercolonial railways. The surface is diversified by a succession of hills, some of which, as the Pisgah, Piccadilla, and Moose hills, rise to a considerable height. The whole county, with its large tracts of intervals and meadow, bays, and rivers, presents a varied and somewhat romantic landscape, and it is one of the best agricultural counties of the province. Iron ore of fine quality is abundant. Coal exists, but has not yet been mined. Limestone and gypsum are plentiful, and there are many mineral springs. Capital, Hampton.
Canada II. A S. W. County Of Nova Scotia, situated on the bay of Fundy and Minas basin; area, 812 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 21,510, of whom 14,392 were of English, 3,755 of Irish, and 1,841 of Scotch descent. It is traversed by the Windsor and Annapolis railway. The coast line is broken and picturesque, but the borders of the rivers Annapolis, Gaspereaux, Cornwallis, Cunard, Habitant, and Pereau are flat, with large tracts of the richest alluvial deposits. The principal settlements are on those streams and on the route from Halifax to Annapolis. The Cornwallis river will admit steamers of light draft for upward of 20 miles. The soil is fertile, and the county contains iron ore, copper, silver, and slate. Capital, Kent-ville.
Canada III. The E. County Of Prince Edward Island; area, 644 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 23,068. It is traversed by the Prince Edward Island railway. Its coasts are deeply indented by bays and inlets, and lined with settlements. There are also many villages in the interior. Capital, Georgetown.
King's, an inland county of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, bordering on Westmeath, Meath, Kildare, Queen's, Tipperary, Galway, and Roscommon counties; area, 770 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 75,781. On the south it is somewhat broken by ramifications of the Slieve-bloom mountains, among the principal summits of which are Arderin, 1,733 ft. high, and Carrol hill, 1,584 ft. The principal lakes are Loughs Fin, Boara, Annaghmore, and Pallas. The Shannon, Boyne, Barrow, and Brosna are the largest rivers. The soil is of average fertility, and agriculture is devoted to the usual corn crops. There are few minerals and no important manufactures. The chief towns are Parsonstown and Tullamore.